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Second Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar

Second Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar PDF Author: Lydia White
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521796477
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 316

Book Description
Table of contents

Second Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar

Second Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar PDF Author: Lydia White
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521796477
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 316
Book Description
Table of contents

Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition

Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Julia Niehaus
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346161595
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 15
Book Description
Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Duisburg-Essen, language: English, abstract: The topic of this term paper is from high relevance when it comes to the human mind in general, but it has a special importance for those who are trying to start a career as Second Language teachers because Chomsky’s Universal Grammar Theory influenced the whole field of linguistic studies and Language Acquisition tremendously. Future teachers need to be aware of these perceptions to be successful at teaching languages. The beginning of this paper is therefore going to be discussing what Universal Grammar after Chomsky consists of in general and what it describes. This part is going to be functioning as an overview that will help to comprehend the following subchapter, which will be dealing with one part of Chomsky’s Government/ Binding Theory, the principles and parameters. Thereafter, a discourse on First Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar is going to be portrayed, since Universal Grammar is usually linked to First Language Acquisition and will help to understand the coherence of the previously discussed matters of Universal Grammar. The goal of these first few chapters is to create a transition to the main topic of the paper by providing some important background information of Chomsky’s studies and theories.

Universal Grammar in Second-Language Acquisition

Universal Grammar in Second-Language Acquisition PDF Author: Margaret Thomas
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134388543
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
From the ancient Mediterranean world to the present day, our conceptions of what is universal in language have interacted with our experiences of language learning. This book tells two stories: the story of how scholars in the west have conceived of the fact that human languages share important properties despite their obvious differences, and the story of how westerners have understood the nature of second or foreign language learning. In narrating these two stories, the author argues that modern second language acquisition theory needs to reassess what counts as its own past. The book addresses Greek contributions to the prehistory of universal grammar, Roman bilingualism, the emergence of the first foreign language grammars in the early Middle Ages, and the Medieval speculative grammarians efforts to define the essentials of human language. The author shows how after the renaissance expanded people's awareness of language differences, scholars returned to the questions of universals in the context of second language learning, including in the 1660 Port-Royal grammar which Chomsky notoriously celebrated in Cartesian Linguistics. The book then looks at how Post-Saussurean European linguistics and American structuralism up to modern generative grammar have each differently conceived of universals and language learning. Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition is a remarkable contribution to the history of linguistics and will be essential reading for students and scholars of linguistics, specialists in second language acquisition and language teacher-educators.

Universal Grammar and the Second Language Classroom

Universal Grammar and the Second Language Classroom PDF Author: Melinda Whong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401784191
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 252
Book Description
This book proposes that research into generative second language acquisition (GenSLA) can be applied to the language classroom. Assuming that Universal Grammar plays a role in second language development, it explores generalisations from GenSLA research. The book aims to build bridges between the fields of generative second language acquisition, applied linguistics, and language teaching; and it shows how GenSLA is poised to engage with researchers of second language learning outside the generative paradigm. Each chapter of Universal Grammar and the Second Language Classroom showcases ways in which GenSLA research can inform language pedagogy. Some chapters include classroom research that tests the effectiveness of teaching particular linguistic phenomena. Others review existing research findings, discussing how these findings are useful for language pedagogy. All chapters show how generative linguistics can enhance teachers’ expertise in language and second language development. “This groundbreaking volume ably takes on the gap that currently exists between generative linguistic theory in second language acquisition (GenSLA) and second language pedagogy, by gathering chapters from GenSLA researchers who are interested in the relevance and potential application of their research to second/foreign language teaching. It offers a welcome and thought-provoking contribution to any discussion of the relation between linguistic theory and practice. I recommend it not only for language teachers interested in deepening their understanding of the formal properties of the languages they teach, but also for linguists interested in following up on more practical consequences of the fruits of their theoretical and empirical research.” Donna Lardiere, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA

Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition

Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Lydia White
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027281815
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 198
Book Description
This book explores the relationship between linguistic universals and second language acquisition. Although no knowledge of generative grammar is presupposed, the theoretical framework underlying the work is the principles and parameters approach to Universal Grammar (UG), as realized in Chomsky's Government and Binding theory. In recent research, the question has arisen as to whether the principles and parameters of UG remain available in language acquisition that is non-primary. Within second language acquisition theorizing, hypotheses have ranged from UG playing no role at all to UG operating exactly as in primary language acquisition. In this work the theoretical arguments and data from the whole spectrum are reviewed.

The contribution of Universal Grammar to second language acquisition - Which role is UG likely to play in SLA?

The contribution of Universal Grammar to second language acquisition - Which role is UG likely to play in SLA? PDF Author: Lena Linden
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638001261
Category : Literary Collections
Languages : en
Pages : 21
Book Description
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, University of Cologne (Englisches Seminar), course: Research in Language Acquisition, 20 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: If we take for granted that children acquire their first language with the help of an innate language acquisition device containing Universal Grammar, is it likely that the acquisition of a second language works in the same way? Is Universal Grammar still the driving force or did the prerequisites for the acquisition change in a way that learners need to consult other means and resources, like only their general cognitive abilities and learning strategies? There are many points in which first and second language acquisition differ...It is these differences that made linguists doubt that first and second language acquisition are entirely the same process. This paper is concerned with the question whether Universal Grammar is still available for second language learners and whether the mental grammar of L2 learners shows signs of impairment. After a short introduction to the concept of Universal Grammar in first language acquisition, it will turn to Universal Grammar in second language acquisition. In this context it will be considered whether the interlanguage grammar might be impaired and whether UG is probable to influence second language acquisition. Several theories of second language acquisition will be presented in advance to the discussion whether learners are likely to have full access, partial access or no access to Universal Grammar. Before being concluded it will take a short look at the problems that arise in second language research.

Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition

Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Lydia White
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027224617
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 198
Book Description
This authoritative textbook provides an overview and analysis of current second language acquisition research conducted within the generative linguistic framework. Lydia White argues that second language acquisition is constrained by principles and parameters of universal grammar.

The Role of Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition (SLA)

The Role of Universal Grammar in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) PDF Author: Daniel Schupmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638826791
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 28
Book Description
Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2 (B), University of Marburg (Institute for Anglistics/American Studies), course: Syntax, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This piece of work intends to present the most cogitable positions concerning the functioning of universal principles in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) as they are commonly considered to work within First Language Acquisition (FLA). It will transpire that various aspects of SLA compared to FLA do not allow for a lucid and irrevocable answer to be given for this question. In order to give the reader an idea of what Universal Grammar (UG) deals with, the first part of the paper sets up a conception of FLA to work on the basis of innate knowledge. Special emphasis is put on the content of Input as well as the realization of UG in terms of principles and parameters. Following SLA is scrutinized more closely with respect to the acquisition process and differences concerning the preconditions of both FLA and SLA before turning to the discussion of the major positions in linguistic research.

Universal Grammar in Child Second Language Acquisition

Universal Grammar in Child Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Usha Lakshmanan
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027224757
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 162
Book Description
This book examines child second language acquisition within the Principles and Parameters theory of Universal Grammar (UG). Specifically, the book focuses on null-subjects in the developing grammars of children acquiring English as a second language. The book provides evidence from the longitudinal speech data of four child second language (L2) learners in order to test the predictions of a recent theory of null-subjects, namely, the Morphological Uniformity Principle (MUP). Lakshmanan argues that the child L2 acquisition data offer little or no evidence in support of the MUP s predictions regarding a developmental relation between verb inflections and null-subjects. The evidence from these child L2 data indicates that regardless of the status of null subjects in their first language, child L2 learners of English hypothesize correctly from the very beginning that English requires subjects of tensed clauses to be obligatorily overt. The failure on the part of these learners to obey this knowledge in certain structural contexts is the result of perceptual factors that are unrelated to parameter setting. The book demonstrates the value of child second language acquisition data in evaluating specific proposals within linguistic theory for a Universal principle.

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition PDF Author: Fahriany
Publisher: Prenada Media
ISBN: 6024222203
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 220
Book Description
This book discusses about the place of second language in the world today, why study second language acquisition, development of the field of study of second language acquisition, the scope of second language acquisition research Follow by Language: from intelligence or innate ideas? The quest for the perfect circle, empiricist, and rationalist answers, the empiricist view: no knowledge is innate, the Rationalist view: basic knowledge is innate, Chomsky’s Universal Grammar, arguments are intelligence and Universal Grammar, Chomsky’s ease and speed of child acquisition argument, objections to ease and speed of child acquisition argument, Chomsky’s inadequate language data argument, objections to the inadequate language data argument, Chomsky’s poverty of stimulus argument, objections to Chomsky’s poverty of stimulus argument, Chomsky’s irrelevance of intelligence argument, objections to the irrelevance of intelligence argument, the rationalist view: basic knowledge is innate, mentalism and behaviorism contrasted, language, thought, and culture speech as the basis of thought, arguments against this idea in speech, understanding precedes production, speech understanding by people with speech disabilities, thinking while paralyzed by a drug, talking about one thing while thinking about another, language as the basis of thought, arguments against this idea, deaf children without language can think, bilinguals are not schizoids, creoles: new languages from old, where language does affect thought, thought as the basis of language, the non-linguistic origin of meaning, the true relationship between language and thought, language and the brain, brain structure and function, hemispheric dominance and lateralization, language areas and functioning, brain maturation and critical age for learning language, language disorder, Broca’s aphasia, Wernicke’s aphasia, other speech – related aphasias, reading, and writing aphasias: dyslexia, localism and holism, methods of investigating brain and language, established methods: post-mortem, injured people, electrical stimulation, new high-tech methods: CAT and PET, mind and brain, culture and foreign language teaching. By reading this book the students are expected to be able to understand the concept of language acquisition. Buku Persembahan Penerbit PrenadaMediaGroup