The Reality of God and the Problem of Evil

The Reality of God and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Brian Davies
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441138706
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
An important new book on how we can still believe in a God of love and confront the problem of evil in the world. Probably the most important book on the subject since John Hick's book `Evil and the God of Love`. &; Evil is a strong word that people now employ fairly rarely. Many people believe these days that God is omnipotent,omniscient and good and that what we deem to be bad or evil in the world is no reason for abandoning belief in God. It is an intellectual or theoretical problem not one where the focus is on how one might bring about some desirable goal ( a practical matter). &; Professor Davies says we should tackle this problem by attending to the basics, by asking whether there is a God and then What is God? he starts by summarizing the arguments so far (from Seneca to the present day). He then moves to what he describes as the basics (see above) and demonstrates that much of what has been written about on the topic of evil is in fact irrelevant or just plain wrong. &; Finally, though many theologians argue that evil is a mystery, Davies argues that this too is wrong and a cop out. We should rather be concerned with the problem (or mystery) of good. The real issue is ` Why is there not more good than there is`. From the discussion Aquinas emerges as a hero (as filtered through analytical philosophy) but many moderns thinkers do not emerge so well. Davies effectively picks holes int e arguments of Peter Geach, Paul Helm, Richard Swinburne and even Mary Baker Eddy. &; This is a lively book on a tricky subject, written at all times with humour and much practical example.

The Reality of God and the Problem of Evil

The Reality of God and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Brian Davies
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441138706
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
An important new book on how we can still believe in a God of love and confront the problem of evil in the world. Probably the most important book on the subject since John Hick's book `Evil and the God of Love`. &; Evil is a strong word that people now employ fairly rarely. Many people believe these days that God is omnipotent,omniscient and good and that what we deem to be bad or evil in the world is no reason for abandoning belief in God. It is an intellectual or theoretical problem not one where the focus is on how one might bring about some desirable goal ( a practical matter). &; Professor Davies says we should tackle this problem by attending to the basics, by asking whether there is a God and then What is God? he starts by summarizing the arguments so far (from Seneca to the present day). He then moves to what he describes as the basics (see above) and demonstrates that much of what has been written about on the topic of evil is in fact irrelevant or just plain wrong. &; Finally, though many theologians argue that evil is a mystery, Davies argues that this too is wrong and a cop out. We should rather be concerned with the problem (or mystery) of good. The real issue is ` Why is there not more good than there is`. From the discussion Aquinas emerges as a hero (as filtered through analytical philosophy) but many moderns thinkers do not emerge so well. Davies effectively picks holes int e arguments of Peter Geach, Paul Helm, Richard Swinburne and even Mary Baker Eddy. &; This is a lively book on a tricky subject, written at all times with humour and much practical example.

Pathways in Theodicy

Pathways in Theodicy PDF Author: Mark S. M. Scott
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishers
ISBN: 1451464703
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 248
Book Description
Why does God permit evil and suffering? This question, known as the problem of evil in theological and philosophical circles, has perennially vexed Christian theology. Academic studies on the problem of evil, however, have failed to move the conversation forward in recent years. In this volume, designed for students and scholars alike, Mark S. M. Scott traces the major models and motifs in Christian explanations for evil (called theodicies) and argues for a thorough rethinking of the problem of evil and theodicy based on distinctly Christian theological criteria and resources.

The Idea of God and the Reality of Evil

The Idea of God and the Reality of Evil PDF Author: R. W. K. Paterson
Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 184876507X
Category : God
Languages : en
Pages : 245
Book Description
The Idea of God and the Reality of Evil is the perfect book for readers who have a broad interest in fundamental religious issues. It offers a balanced, clear and non-technical view of the religious ‘problem of evil’, which often forms an insurmountable barrier to faith. For Atheists the existence of evil is categoric proof that a higher omnipresent and omnipotent creator cannot exist. This book takes a fresh look at the arguments of the Atheists and re-examines their perspective that a perfect being implies a perfect world, and offers a rational answer to the apparent conflict between faith and an imperfect reality. Paterson’s treatment of the problem of evil is clear. He offers readers a balanced look at all the conflicting views in this book which will appeal to Christians, Humanists and members of many other faiths.

Is God Silent When We Hurt?

Is God Silent When We Hurt? PDF Author: H. Stuart Atkins
Publisher: WestBow Press
ISBN: 1664219870
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 228
Book Description
The problem of evil and human suffering is the chief reason for atheism and doubt. H. Stuart Atkins challenges skeptics and encourages believers in this book, tackling big questions from a secular and biblical perspective. The goal is to answer this: If God exists and is all loving, why do the innocent suffer and why does evil exist? On the theological and philosophical side, attempts to reconcile the existence of God with the reality of evil often fall prey to logical fallacies of the nature of God. Such attempts not only fail to solve the problem of pain and suffering, but they turn a difficult problem into an impossible problem. By confronting the truth, we can serve the best interests of scholarship, theology, and philosophy. If one is to use logic as a tool for exposing the alleged inconsistencies of the Christian faith, the game must be played by logical rules. Join the author as he overcomes ambiguity, circular reasoning, and fallacies to answer questions surrounding God, good, and evil.

Taking God Seriously

Taking God Seriously PDF Author: Brian Davies
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108853129
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Is debate on issues related to faith and reason still possible when dialogue between believers and non-believers has collapsed? Taking God Seriously not only proves that it is possible, but also demonstrates that such dialogue produces fruitful results. Here, Brian Davies, a Dominican priest and leading scholar of Thomas Aquinas, and Michael Ruse, a philosopher of science and well-known non-believer, offer an extended discussion on the nature and plausibility of belief in God and Christianity. They explore key topics in the study of religion, notably the nature of faith, the place of reason in discussions about religion, proofs for the existence of God, the problem of evil, and the problem of multiple competing religious systems, as well as the core concepts of Christian belief including the Trinity and the justification of morality. Written in a jargon-free manner, avoiding the extremes of evangelical literalism and New Atheism prejudice, Taking God Seriously does not compromise integrity or shy from discussing important or difficult issues.

Does the Reality of Evil Disprove God's Existence?

Does the Reality of Evil Disprove God's Existence? PDF Author: Josef M. Seifert
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781523472420
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 360
Book Description
How the terrible reality of evils, especially the pains and sufferings of innocent children, can be reconciled with the existence of God is the greatest difficulty that faces a metaphysics that claims to know God's existence and a religion that proclaims the faith in an infinitely good and omnipotent God. This book examines and refutes the alleged disproof of God's existence from the reality of evil, especially from innocent suffering; the infinite goodness of God can be defended against all objections to the existence of God derived from the horrible reality of evils in the world. The present work takes the "atheism from evil" seriously. It does not give too facile an answer to the atheist claims. It defends the full reality and existence of the evils of pain and moral evil, and the profound metaphysical problem posed by them, against four philosophical theories that belittle or even deny the reality of evil. It subjects to a careful critique especially two theories: the thesis that evils are an indispensable part of the best possible world, and the most venerable of these theories proposed by almost all Christian and theistic versions of theodicy: the privation theory of evil, according to which evil does not possess any being and reality at all, but is only "a conspicuous absence of due good and of being." By a thorough analysis of some errors and many insights contained in the latter theory and by a critical examination of its underlying assumption that all beings are either God or created by God, the book shows that banishing evil to the realm of non-being flies into the face of experience and truth and is in no way necessary to defend the primacy of the Good and the parasitic form of being evil possesses. To avoid the Manichean error that gives to evil an equal standing in reality to that of the good, it is in no way necessary to deny the full reality of evil. Philosophies that deny the existence of an omnipotent and all-good God concentrate on the evil of suffering and forget moral evil. They fail to see how the latter demands an anthropodicy, a defense of man. The present essay shows that not all theodicy fails, as Kant pretended, but that, much rather, a purely philosophical rational defense of man (an anthropodicy) in the face of moral evil fails. All this requires the clear distinction between the man-centered evil of suffering and the God-centered moral evil. A careful analysis shows that all evils exist as consequence of the bad response created persons give to the risk God took in creating free will, but cannot at all be blamed on God, because this "divine risk" renders possible the highest values and goods of whose realization finite and contingent persons in this world are capable. In its second chapter, the present study elucidates the singular contribution of Descartes to theodicy. Descartes raises and partly answers the question whether and why the veracity of God is compatible with the host of errors humans hold about the most important matters. The present work seeks to elaborate this Cartesian contribution and to free it from some errors. Moreover, it presents a large number of reasons that allow us to see that the reality of evil in the world does not refute the existence of God. Even the entire series of intelligible answers, however, that a philosophical theodicy can offer, while they refute the atheist charge against God, cannot remove the unfathomable mystery why God permits the sea of evils. Thus a purely philosophical theodicy can give its ultimate answer only through a Socratic wisdom that ends in silence. After having ascended to the heights of what human reason can know about God and about evil, the philosopher cannot give an exhaustive reply to the questions raised by the incomprehensible mystery of evil and must not replace the mysterious answer to evil only religion, and indeed only the eschaton, can give by a philosophical construction such as the "best possible world" theory of Leibniz.

God, Suffering, and the Value of Free Will

God, Suffering, and the Value of Free Will PDF Author: Laura W. Ekstrom
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197556426
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
For many of us, the question of whether or not God exists is one of the most perplexing and profound questions of our lives, and numerous philosophers and theologians have debated it for centuries. Laura Ekstrom here takes a new look at the issue of God's existence by examining it against the reality of human suffering, bringing to the fore contentious presuppositions concerning agency and value at the core of the matter. When we survey the world, we observe an enormous amount of pain, including virtually unspeakable kinds of maltreatment and agony, many instances of which seem patently unfair, unearned, and pointless. This book argues that, in light of these observations, it is reasonable to conclude that God does not exist. The book unravels the extent and power of arguments from evil. Ekstrom provides a close investigation of a largely overlooked claim at the heart of major free-will-based responses to such arguments, namely that free will is worth it: sufficiently valuable to serve as the good that provides a God-justifying reason for permitting evil in the world. Through fresh examinations of traditional theodicies, Ekstrom develops an alternative line called divine intimacy theodicy, and makes an extended case for rejecting skeptical theism. The book takes up an argument from evil concerning a traditional doctrine of hell, which reveals a number of compelling issues concerning fault, agency, and blameworthiness. In response to recent work contending that the problem of evil is toothless because God is indifferent to human beings, Ekstrom defends the essential perfect moral goodness of God. She further tackles the question of whether or not it is possible to live a religious life as an agnostic or as an atheist. Through rigorous reflection, with deep respect for religious thought and experience, and with sensitivity to the range and kinds of suffering so many endure, Ekstrom firmly advances discussion of the problem of evil and paves the way for further scholarship in the philosophy of religion.

Theology and the Problem of Evil

Theology and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Kenneth Surin
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1725212692
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 192
Book Description
One of the most profound problems that theologians are called on to address is the presence of evil and suffering in the world, and how this can be reconciled with the assertion of an omnipotent and morally perfect God. This book begins by showing how the problem of evil has been inextricably bound up with the problematic deity created by the philosophical theism of the Enlightenment and perpetuated ever since, demonstrating how contemporary theodicists have failed to perceive the historical and cultural determinants which affect their theorizing. Dr. Surin argues that thinking on the problem of evil consists of two fundamental perspectives. He labels these the theoretical and the practical approaches and examines the work of a number of theologians who typify each. Alvin Plantinga, Richard Swinburne, the process theologians, and John Hick exemplify the theoretical approach; Dorothee Soelle, Jurgen Moltmann, and P. T. Forsyth the practical. He uses the views of Dostoevsky's character Ivan Karamazov and the protagonists in Elie Wiesel's writing as a paradigm for evaluating the two approaches, and concludes that only the practical approach has the merit of both rooting itself in the realities of human suffering, and grounding itself in the fundamental rule of what he calls an adequate grammar of salvation, namely that God justifies himself by justifying sinners on the cross. Finally, Dr. Surin explores this grammar of the notion of an incarnate salvation with particular reference to the need for a messianic and practical solidarity with those who are afflicted. This thought-provoking book will serve both as an introduction to those new to the ideas of theodicy, and as a stimulating essay for those dissatisfied with conventional studies of theology and the problem of evil.

Evil and the Evidence for God

Evil and the Evidence for God PDF Author: R. Douglas Geivett
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781566393973
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
Book Description
How to reconcile the existence of evil with the belief in a benevolent God has long posed a philosophical problem to the system of Christian theism. This work redress this difficulty in modern terms.