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Tax Receipts, Taxpayers, and Taxes in Early Ptolemaic Thebes

Tax Receipts, Taxpayers, and Taxes in Early Ptolemaic Thebes PDF Author: Brian Paul Muhs
Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales
ISBN:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 262

Book Description
Study of papyri and ostraca in the Oriental Institute Museum, Chicago, which includes Demotic, Greek, and bilingual tax receipts from early Ptolemaic Thebes.

Tax Receipts, Taxpayers, and Taxes in Early Ptolemaic Thebes

Tax Receipts, Taxpayers, and Taxes in Early Ptolemaic Thebes PDF Author: Brian Paul Muhs
Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales
ISBN:
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 262
Book Description
Study of papyri and ostraca in the Oriental Institute Museum, Chicago, which includes Demotic, Greek, and bilingual tax receipts from early Ptolemaic Thebes.

Receipts, Scribes, and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2)

Receipts, Scribes, and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2) PDF Author: Brian Paul Muhs
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
ISBN: 9789042924314
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 329
Book Description
The author publishes 157 tax receipts and other texts from Thebes in Early Ptolemaic Egypt (332-200 BC), including 102 Demotic texts and 55 Greek or bilingual texts. 113 texts are published here for the first time, and the others were previously only partially published or have been substantially reread. The first six chapters contain text editions organized by tax category. Short essays introduce each category, and in several cases reinterpret them. The text editions include facsimile drawings together with transliterations and translations. Photographs are appended for all but 21 of the texts that are known only from facsimiles. The seventh chapter summarizes the careers of the scribes and officials, including attestations outside tax receipts, and distinguishes two different career patterns. The eighth chapter discusses the taxpayers known from multiple tax receipts, and how modern collectors acquired and dispersed these ancient archives. Full indexes complete the volume.

The Ancient Egyptian Economy

The Ancient Egyptian Economy PDF Author: Brian Muhs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316558746
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
This book is the first economic history of ancient Egypt covering the entire pharaonic period, 3000–30 BCE, and employing a New Institutional Economics approach. It argues that the ancient Egyptian state encouraged an increasingly widespread and sophisticated use of writing through time, primarily in order to better document and more efficiently exact taxes for redistribution. The increased use of writing, however, also resulted in increased documentation and enforcement of private property titles and transfers, gradually lowering their transaction costs relative to redistribution. The book also argues that the increasing use of silver as a unified measure of value, medium of exchange, and store of wealth also lowered transaction costs for high value exchanges. The increasing use of silver in turn allowed the state to exact transfer taxes in silver, providing it with an economic incentive to further document and enforce private property titles and transfers.

On the Path to the Place of Rest

On the Path to the Place of Rest PDF Author: Christina Di Cerbo
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1948488426
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
In this volume Christina Di Cerbo and Richard Jasnow publish 92 Demotic graffiti, along with several ostraca and mummy bandages, from Theban Tombs 11, 12, Tomb-399-, and environs recorded and studied under the aegis of the Spanish Mission at Dra Abu el-Naga directed by Jose Galan. These texts from the mid-second century BCE were inscribed on the tomb walls by workers of the Ibis and Falcon cult, who used the New Kingdom tombs as burial places for mummified birds dedicated to the gods Thoth and Horus. This varied corpus of texts includes not only votive formulae and lists of names, but, most unusually, labels for chambers and halls to guide the men depositing the mummies through the labyrinthine catacombs. The cult workers also recorded important burials and memorialized events of special significance, as when a massive conflagration broke out that consumed several mummies and damaged the tomb walls. The Missions conservators recovered many hitherto virtually invisible graffiti. Numerous inscriptions posed daunting epigraphic challenges; the text editors employed computer applications, especially DStretch, in order to enhance the digital images forming the basis for decipherment. In an introductory chapter Galan discusses the work of the Spanish Mission at Dra Abu Naga and recounts the complicated history of this important area of the Theban Necropolis down to the Roman period. The graffiti illustrate how New Kingdom tombs were reused for the sacred animal cult in the Ptolemaic period. Francisco Bosch-Puche and Salima Ikram contribute a detailed chapter analyzing the archaeological context of the graffiti and the material evidence for the animal cult in the site. The volume, a holistic study of this area at the twilight of Pharaonic history, represents a true collaboration between archaeologists and philologists.

The Language of the Papyri

The Language of the Papyri PDF Author: T. V. Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199237085
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 362
Book Description
A collection of essays by leading scholars on the linguistic significance of Greek and Latin papyri from Egypt. The Language of the Papyri charts a range of productive approaches to this material, and offers new methodologies suitable for its analysis.

The Archive of the Theban Choachyte Petebaste Son of Peteamunip (Floruit 7th Century BCE)

The Archive of the Theban Choachyte Petebaste Son of Peteamunip (Floruit 7th Century BCE) PDF Author: Koenraad Donker Van Heel
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004459928
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 235
Book Description
This book is the first ever edition of an abnormal hieratic business archive from the Louvre of a mortuary priest in 7th century BCE Thebes (Egypt), discussing points of history, law, economics, religion, grammar, chronology and abnormal hieratic palaeography.

Taxation, Economy, and Revolt in Ancient Rome, Galilee, and Egypt

Taxation, Economy, and Revolt in Ancient Rome, Galilee, and Egypt PDF Author: Thomas R. Blanton IV
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000598438
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 202
Book Description
This volume introduces new perspectives on taxation policies in the Roman Empire, the Galilee, and Egypt, with unique insights into the economic effects of imperial pacification on local and regional microlevel economies in the Galilee both before and after the First Jewish Revolt against Rome. Through examining tax documents and other ancient texts in detail, this book offers innovative perspectives on the mechanisms, ideological justifications, and politically hierarchizing functions of taxation and tribute, particularly in the Roman Empire. Moreover, leading archaeologists present important information about the economic effects of the First Jewish Revolt on local economies in the Galilee, based on findings from recent archaeological excavations. Taxation, Economy, and Revolt in Ancient Rome, Galilee, and Egypt is of interest to students and scholars in Classical, Biblical, and Jewish Studies, as well as economic history and Mediterranean archaeology.

Three Hundred Years of Death

Three Hundred Years of Death PDF Author: Maria Cannata
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004406808
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 840
Book Description
In Three Hundred Years of Death: The Egyptian Funerary Industry in the Ptolemaic Period, Maria Cannata discusses how necropolises and funerary priests, as well as the mummification, funeral, burial, and the deceased’s mortuary cult, were organised in Ptolemaic Egypt.

The Archive of Thotsutmis, Son of Panouphis

The Archive of Thotsutmis, Son of Panouphis PDF Author: Jacqueline E. Jay
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1614910669
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 196
Book Description
The Archive of Thotsutmis, Son of Panouphis presents for the first time one of the largest collections of Demotic ostraca to have been discovered intact by archaeologists in the twentieth century. Rarely have such deposits been found in situ. Excavated by Ambrose Lansing on behalf of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1915-16 at the site of Deir el-Bahari, the integrity and context of this find are critical to the proper understanding of the texts it contained. Through the publication and analysis of this archive of Demotic and Greek texts recorded on ostraca, Muhs, Scalf, and Jay reconstruct the microhistory of Thotsutmis, son of Panouphis, and his family, who worked in Egypt on the west bank of Thebes as priests in the mortuary industry during the early Ptolemaic Period in the third century BC. The forty-two ostraca published in this volume provide a rare opportunity to explore the intersections between an intact ancient archive of private administrative documents and the larger social and legal contexts into which they fit. What the reconstructed microhistory reveals is an ancient family striving to make it among the wealthy and connected social network of Theban choachytes and pastophoroi, while they simultaneously navigated the bureaucratic maze of taxes, fees, receipts, and legal procedures of the Ptolemaic state.

Graeco-Roman Fayum

Graeco-Roman Fayum PDF Author: Sandra Luisa Lippert
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447057820
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 260
Book Description
During the Graeco-Roman period, the Fayum became one of the most productive agricultural regions of Egypt and was the focus of a systematic settlement and cultivation program. This volume contains the conferences given at the third international symposion for Fayum studies held at Freudenstadt/ Schwarzwald from May 29 to June 1, 2007. Egyptologists, papyrologists and archaeologists from all over the world joined in order to report their current research and to contribute with their special point of view in enhancing and completing our picture of the Fayum in the Graeco-Roman period. Das Fayum entwickelte sich in der griechisch-romischen Zeit zu einer der landwirtschaftlich produktivsten Regionen Agyptens und stand im Mittelpunkt einer gezielten Besiedlungs- und Bewirtschaftungspolitik. Der Band beinhaltet die Vortrage des mittlerweile 3. internationalen Fayum-Symposions, das vom 29. Mai bis 1. Juni 2007 in Freudenstadt im Schwarzwald stattfand. Agyptologen, Papyrologen und Archaologen aus aller Welt kamen zusammen, um aus ihrer aktuellen Forschung zu berichten und durch Beitrage aus dem Blickwinkel ihrer verschiedenen Disziplinen dazu beizutragen, unser Bild des Fayum in der griechisch-romischen Zeit weiter zu vervollstandigen.