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Spatial Statistics and Modeling

Spatial Statistics and Modeling PDF Author: Carlo Gaetan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461424994
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 302

Book Description
Spatial statistics are useful in subjects as diverse as climatology, ecology, economics, environmental and earth sciences, epidemiology, image analysis and more. This book covers the best-known spatial models for three types of spatial data: geostatistical data (stationarity, intrinsic models, variograms, spatial regression and space-time models), areal data (Gibbs-Markov fields and spatial auto-regression) and point pattern data (Poisson, Cox, Gibbs and Markov point processes). The level is relatively advanced, and the presentation concise but complete. The most important statistical methods and their asymptotic properties are described, including estimation in geostatistics, autocorrelation and second-order statistics, maximum likelihood methods, approximate inference using the pseudo-likelihood or Monte-Carlo simulations, statistics for point processes and Bayesian hierarchical models. A chapter is devoted to Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation (Gibbs sampler, Metropolis-Hastings algorithms and exact simulation). A large number of real examples are studied with R, and each chapter ends with a set of theoretical and applied exercises. While a foundation in probability and mathematical statistics is assumed, three appendices introduce some necessary background. The book is accessible to senior undergraduate students with a solid math background and Ph.D. students in statistics. Furthermore, experienced statisticians and researchers in the above-mentioned fields will find the book valuable as a mathematically sound reference. This book is the English translation of Modélisation et Statistique Spatiales published by Springer in the series Mathématiques & Applications, a series established by Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et Industrielles (SMAI).

Spatial Statistics and Modeling

Spatial Statistics and Modeling PDF Author: Carlo Gaetan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461424994
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 302
Book Description
Spatial statistics are useful in subjects as diverse as climatology, ecology, economics, environmental and earth sciences, epidemiology, image analysis and more. This book covers the best-known spatial models for three types of spatial data: geostatistical data (stationarity, intrinsic models, variograms, spatial regression and space-time models), areal data (Gibbs-Markov fields and spatial auto-regression) and point pattern data (Poisson, Cox, Gibbs and Markov point processes). The level is relatively advanced, and the presentation concise but complete. The most important statistical methods and their asymptotic properties are described, including estimation in geostatistics, autocorrelation and second-order statistics, maximum likelihood methods, approximate inference using the pseudo-likelihood or Monte-Carlo simulations, statistics for point processes and Bayesian hierarchical models. A chapter is devoted to Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation (Gibbs sampler, Metropolis-Hastings algorithms and exact simulation). A large number of real examples are studied with R, and each chapter ends with a set of theoretical and applied exercises. While a foundation in probability and mathematical statistics is assumed, three appendices introduce some necessary background. The book is accessible to senior undergraduate students with a solid math background and Ph.D. students in statistics. Furthermore, experienced statisticians and researchers in the above-mentioned fields will find the book valuable as a mathematically sound reference. This book is the English translation of Modélisation et Statistique Spatiales published by Springer in the series Mathématiques & Applications, a series established by Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et Industrielles (SMAI).

Spatial Statistics and Modeling

Spatial Statistics and Modeling PDF Author: Carlo Gaetan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387922571
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 302
Book Description
Spatial statistics are useful in subjects as diverse as climatology, ecology, economics, environmental and earth sciences, epidemiology, image analysis and more. This book covers the best-known spatial models for three types of spatial data: geostatistical data (stationarity, intrinsic models, variograms, spatial regression and space-time models), areal data (Gibbs-Markov fields and spatial auto-regression) and point pattern data (Poisson, Cox, Gibbs and Markov point processes). The level is relatively advanced, and the presentation concise but complete. The most important statistical methods and their asymptotic properties are described, including estimation in geostatistics, autocorrelation and second-order statistics, maximum likelihood methods, approximate inference using the pseudo-likelihood or Monte-Carlo simulations, statistics for point processes and Bayesian hierarchical models. A chapter is devoted to Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation (Gibbs sampler, Metropolis-Hastings algorithms and exact simulation). A large number of real examples are studied with R, and each chapter ends with a set of theoretical and applied exercises. While a foundation in probability and mathematical statistics is assumed, three appendices introduce some necessary background. The book is accessible to senior undergraduate students with a solid math background and Ph.D. students in statistics. Furthermore, experienced statisticians and researchers in the above-mentioned fields will find the book valuable as a mathematically sound reference. This book is the English translation of Modélisation et Statistique Spatiales published by Springer in the series Mathématiques & Applications, a series established by Société de Mathématiques Appliquées et Industrielles (SMAI).

Statistical Methods for Spatial Data Analysis

Statistical Methods for Spatial Data Analysis PDF Author: Oliver Schabenberger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351991477
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 444
Book Description
Understanding spatial statistics requires tools from applied and mathematical statistics, linear model theory, regression, time series, and stochastic processes. It also requires a mindset that focuses on the unique characteristics of spatial data and the development of specialized analytical tools designed explicitly for spatial data analysis. Statistical Methods for Spatial Data Analysis answers the demand for a text that incorporates all of these factors by presenting a balanced exposition that explores both the theoretical foundations of the field of spatial statistics as well as practical methods for the analysis of spatial data. This book is a comprehensive and illustrative treatment of basic statistical theory and methods for spatial data analysis, employing a model-based and frequentist approach that emphasizes the spatial domain. It introduces essential tools and approaches including: measures of autocorrelation and their role in data analysis; the background and theoretical framework supporting random fields; the analysis of mapped spatial point patterns; estimation and modeling of the covariance function and semivariogram; a comprehensive treatment of spatial analysis in the spectral domain; and spatial prediction and kriging. The volume also delivers a thorough analysis of spatial regression, providing a detailed development of linear models with uncorrelated errors, linear models with spatially-correlated errors and generalized linear mixed models for spatial data. It succinctly discusses Bayesian hierarchical models and concludes with reviews on simulating random fields, non-stationary covariance, and spatio-temporal processes. Additional material on the CRC Press website supplements the content of this book. The site provides data sets used as examples in the text, software code that can be used to implement many of the principal methods described and illustrated, and updates to the text itself.

Practical Handbook of Spatial Statistics

Practical Handbook of Spatial Statistics PDF Author: Sandra Arlinghaus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000144321
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 200
Book Description
The guidance and special techniques provided in this handbook will allow you to understand and use complex spatial statistical techniques. You will learn how to apply proper spatial analysis techniques and why they are generally different from conventional statistical analyses. Clear and concise information on weighting, aggregation effects, sampling, spatial statistics and GIS, and visualization of spatial dependence is provided. Discussions on specific applications using actual data sets fill obvious gaps in the literature, and coverage of critical research frontiers allows readers to explore current areas of active research.

Handbook of Spatial Statistics

Handbook of Spatial Statistics PDF Author: Alan E. Gelfand
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420072889
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 619
Book Description
Assembling a collection of very prominent researchers in the field, the Handbook of Spatial Statistics presents a comprehensive treatment of both classical and state-of-the-art aspects of this maturing area. It takes a unified, integrated approach to the material, providing cross-references among chapters.The handbook begins with a historical intro

Hierarchical Modeling and Analysis for Spatial Data, Second Edition

Hierarchical Modeling and Analysis for Spatial Data, Second Edition PDF Author: Sudipto Banerjee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439819173
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 587
Book Description
Keep Up to Date with the Evolving Landscape of Space and Space-Time Data Analysis and Modeling Since the publication of the first edition, the statistical landscape has substantially changed for analyzing space and space-time data. More than twice the size of its predecessor, Hierarchical Modeling and Analysis for Spatial Data, Second Edition reflects the major growth in spatial statistics as both a research area and an area of application. New to the Second Edition New chapter on spatial point patterns developed primarily from a modeling perspective New chapter on big data that shows how the predictive process handles reasonably large datasets New chapter on spatial and spatiotemporal gradient modeling that incorporates recent developments in spatial boundary analysis and wombling New chapter on the theoretical aspects of geostatistical (point-referenced) modeling Greatly expanded chapters on methods for multivariate and spatiotemporal modeling New special topics sections on data fusion/assimilation and spatial analysis for data on extremes Double the number of exercises Many more color figures integrated throughout the text Updated computational aspects, including the latest version of WinBUGS, the new flexible spBayes software, and assorted R packages The Only Comprehensive Treatment of the Theory, Methods, and Software This second edition continues to provide a complete treatment of the theory, methods, and application of hierarchical modeling for spatial and spatiotemporal data. It tackles current challenges in handling this type of data, with increased emphasis on observational data, big data, and the upsurge of associated software tools. The authors also explore important application domains, including environmental science, forestry, public health, and real estate.

Spatial Statistics

Spatial Statistics PDF Author: Mohammed A. Kalkhan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420069772
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 182
Book Description
Geospatial information modeling and mapping has become an important tool for the investigation and management of natural resources at the landscape scale. Spatial Statistics: GeoSpatial Information Modeling and Thematic Mapping reviews the types and applications of geospatial information data, such as remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS), and GPS as well as their integration into landscape-scale geospatial statistical models and maps. The book explores how to extract information from remotely sensed imagery, GIS, and GPS, and how to combine this with field data—vegetation, soil, and environmental—to produce a spatial model that can be reconstructed and displayed using GIS software. Readers learn the requirements and limitations of each geospatial modeling and mapping tool. Case studies with real-life examples illustrate important applications of the models. Topics covered in this book include: An overview of the geospatial information sciences and technology and spatial statistics Sampling methods and applications, including probability sampling and nonrandom sampling, and issues to consider in sampling and plot design Fine and coarse scale variability Spatial sampling schemes and spatial pattern Linear and spatial correlation statistics, including Moran’s I, Geary’s C, cross-correlation statistics, and inverse distance weighting Geospatial statistics analysis using stepwise regression, ordinary least squares (OLS), variogram, kriging, spatial auto-regression, binary classification trees, cokriging, and geospatial models for presence and absence data How to use R statistical software to work on statistical analyses and case studies, and to develop a geospatial statistical model The book includes practical examples and laboratory exercises using ArcInfo, ArcView, ArcGIS, and other popular software for geospatial modeling. It is accessible to readers from various fields, without requiring advanced knowledge of geospatial information sciences or quantitative methods.

Spatial Statistics and Digital Image Analysis

Spatial Statistics and Digital Image Analysis PDF Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030904376X
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 257
Book Description
Spatial statistics is one of the most rapidly growing areas of statistics, rife with fascinating research opportunities. Yet many statisticians are unaware of those opportunities, and most students in the United States are never exposed to any course work in spatial statistics. Written to be accessible to the nonspecialist, this volume surveys the applications of spatial statistics to a wide range of areas, including image analysis, geosciences, physical chemistry, and ecology. The book describes the contributions of the mathematical sciences, summarizes the current state of knowledge, and identifies directions for research.

Advanced Introduction to Spatial Statistics

Advanced Introduction to Spatial Statistics PDF Author: Griffith, Daniel A.
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1800372825
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 125
Book Description
This Advanced Introduction provides a critical review and discussion of research concerning spatial statistics, differentiating between it and spatial econometrics, to answer a set of core questions covering the geographic-tagging-of-data origins of the concept and its theoretical underpinnings, conceptual advances, and challenges for future scholarly work. It offers a vital tool for understanding spatial statistics and surveys how concerns about violating the independent observations assumption of statistical analysis developed into this discipline.

Spatial Statistics: Methodological Aspects and Applications

Spatial Statistics: Methodological Aspects and Applications PDF Author: Marc Moore
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461301475
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 308
Book Description
This volume contains presentations by eminent researchers: Statistical Inference for Spatial Processes; Image Analysis; Applications of Spatial Statistics in Earth, Environmental, and Health Sciences; and Statistics of Brain Mapping. They range from asymptotic considerations for spatial processes to practical considerations related to particular applications including important methodological aspects. Many contributions concern image analysis, mainly images related to brain mapping.