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Receipts, Scribes, and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2)

Receipts, Scribes, and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2) PDF Author: Brian Paul Muhs
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
ISBN: 9789042924314
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 329

Book Description
The author publishes 157 tax receipts and other texts from Thebes in Early Ptolemaic Egypt (332-200 BC), including 102 Demotic texts and 55 Greek or bilingual texts. 113 texts are published here for the first time, and the others were previously only partially published or have been substantially reread. The first six chapters contain text editions organized by tax category. Short essays introduce each category, and in several cases reinterpret them. The text editions include facsimile drawings together with transliterations and translations. Photographs are appended for all but 21 of the texts that are known only from facsimiles. The seventh chapter summarizes the careers of the scribes and officials, including attestations outside tax receipts, and distinguishes two different career patterns. The eighth chapter discusses the taxpayers known from multiple tax receipts, and how modern collectors acquired and dispersed these ancient archives. Full indexes complete the volume.

Receipts, Scribes, and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2)

Receipts, Scribes, and Collectors in Early Ptolemaic Thebes (O. Taxes 2) PDF Author: Brian Paul Muhs
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
ISBN: 9789042924314
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 329
Book Description
The author publishes 157 tax receipts and other texts from Thebes in Early Ptolemaic Egypt (332-200 BC), including 102 Demotic texts and 55 Greek or bilingual texts. 113 texts are published here for the first time, and the others were previously only partially published or have been substantially reread. The first six chapters contain text editions organized by tax category. Short essays introduce each category, and in several cases reinterpret them. The text editions include facsimile drawings together with transliterations and translations. Photographs are appended for all but 21 of the texts that are known only from facsimiles. The seventh chapter summarizes the careers of the scribes and officials, including attestations outside tax receipts, and distinguishes two different career patterns. The eighth chapter discusses the taxpayers known from multiple tax receipts, and how modern collectors acquired and dispersed these ancient archives. Full indexes complete the volume.

The Ancient Egyptian Economy

The Ancient Egyptian Economy PDF Author: Brian Muhs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316558746
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
This book is the first economic history of ancient Egypt covering the entire pharaonic period, 3000–30 BCE, and employing a New Institutional Economics approach. It argues that the ancient Egyptian state encouraged an increasingly widespread and sophisticated use of writing through time, primarily in order to better document and more efficiently exact taxes for redistribution. The increased use of writing, however, also resulted in increased documentation and enforcement of private property titles and transfers, gradually lowering their transaction costs relative to redistribution. The book also argues that the increasing use of silver as a unified measure of value, medium of exchange, and store of wealth also lowered transaction costs for high value exchanges. The increasing use of silver in turn allowed the state to exact transfer taxes in silver, providing it with an economic incentive to further document and enforce private property titles and transfers.

On the Path to the Place of Rest

On the Path to the Place of Rest PDF Author: Christina Di Cerbo
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1948488426
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
In this volume Christina Di Cerbo and Richard Jasnow publish 92 Demotic graffiti, along with several ostraca and mummy bandages, from Theban Tombs 11, 12, Tomb-399-, and environs recorded and studied under the aegis of the Spanish Mission at Dra Abu el-Naga directed by Jose Galan. These texts from the mid-second century BCE were inscribed on the tomb walls by workers of the Ibis and Falcon cult, who used the New Kingdom tombs as burial places for mummified birds dedicated to the gods Thoth and Horus. This varied corpus of texts includes not only votive formulae and lists of names, but, most unusually, labels for chambers and halls to guide the men depositing the mummies through the labyrinthine catacombs. The cult workers also recorded important burials and memorialized events of special significance, as when a massive conflagration broke out that consumed several mummies and damaged the tomb walls. The Missions conservators recovered many hitherto virtually invisible graffiti. Numerous inscriptions posed daunting epigraphic challenges; the text editors employed computer applications, especially DStretch, in order to enhance the digital images forming the basis for decipherment. In an introductory chapter Galan discusses the work of the Spanish Mission at Dra Abu Naga and recounts the complicated history of this important area of the Theban Necropolis down to the Roman period. The graffiti illustrate how New Kingdom tombs were reused for the sacred animal cult in the Ptolemaic period. Francisco Bosch-Puche and Salima Ikram contribute a detailed chapter analyzing the archaeological context of the graffiti and the material evidence for the animal cult in the site. The volume, a holistic study of this area at the twilight of Pharaonic history, represents a true collaboration between archaeologists and philologists.

The Archive of Thotsutmis, Son of Panouphis

The Archive of Thotsutmis, Son of Panouphis PDF Author: Jacqueline E. Jay
Publisher: ISD LLC
ISBN: 1614910669
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 196
Book Description
The Archive of Thotsutmis, Son of Panouphis presents for the first time one of the largest collections of Demotic ostraca to have been discovered intact by archaeologists in the twentieth century. Rarely have such deposits been found in situ. Excavated by Ambrose Lansing on behalf of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1915-16 at the site of Deir el-Bahari, the integrity and context of this find are critical to the proper understanding of the texts it contained. Through the publication and analysis of this archive of Demotic and Greek texts recorded on ostraca, Muhs, Scalf, and Jay reconstruct the microhistory of Thotsutmis, son of Panouphis, and his family, who worked in Egypt on the west bank of Thebes as priests in the mortuary industry during the early Ptolemaic Period in the third century BC. The forty-two ostraca published in this volume provide a rare opportunity to explore the intersections between an intact ancient archive of private administrative documents and the larger social and legal contexts into which they fit. What the reconstructed microhistory reveals is an ancient family striving to make it among the wealthy and connected social network of Theban choachytes and pastophoroi, while they simultaneously navigated the bureaucratic maze of taxes, fees, receipts, and legal procedures of the Ptolemaic state.

Ostraka in the Collection of New York University

Ostraka in the Collection of New York University PDF Author: Gert Baetens
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479813818
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
A comprehensive edition and commentary of 77 ostraka Ostraka in the Collection of New York University is a comprehensive edition and commentary of 77 ostraka, or potsherds with ancient texts written on them, from Greco-Roman and late antique Egypt. Seventy-two of these ostraca are housed in NYU Special Collections, originally purchased by Caspar Kraemer in 1932, then the chair of the NYU Classics Department. Although Kraemer advertised the imminent publication of the texts in 1934 and later collaborated with the famed papyrologist Herbert Youtie, neither completed the project. The ostraka in this small collection span the 2nd century BCE to the 8th century CE and include both Greek and Coptic texts. The majority, however, form a coherent dossier of tax receipts related to mortuary activities in Upper Egypt during the reign of Augustus (texts 7-70, dated from roughly the last quarter of the 1st century BCE to 12 CE). The five ostraka published in this volume not held by NYU include one that had been part of Kraemer’s original purchase but was subsequently lost (thankfully preserved in a photograph in Youtie’s archive at the University of Michigan), and four ostraka now held by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. The latter four texts were purchased separately and published previously, but clearly belong to the same group of texts. They are included in this volume both for the sake of completeness and because the present authors were able to improve the readings in light of the context provided by the dossier as a whole. In addition to the scholarly edition of these texts, the volume contains a full discussion of their provenance, the taxes involved, the taxpayers and tax-collectors, and a ceramological analysis of the sherds as media for these texts. The book will be of interest primarily to specialists in papyrology and scholars who study the economic history of the ancient Mediterranean, Hellenistic Egypt, the Roman empire, and papyrology.

The Archive of the Theban Choachyte Petebaste Son of Peteamunip (Floruit 7th Century BCE)

The Archive of the Theban Choachyte Petebaste Son of Peteamunip (Floruit 7th Century BCE) PDF Author: Koenraad Donker Van Heel
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004459928
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 236
Book Description
This book is the first ever edition of an abnormal hieratic business archive from the Louvre of a mortuary priest in 7th century BCE Thebes (Egypt), discussing points of history, law, economics, religion, grammar, chronology and abnormal hieratic palaeography.

A Companion to Greco-Roman and Late Antique Egypt

A Companion to Greco-Roman and Late Antique Egypt PDF Author: Katelijn Vandorpe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118428471
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 792
Book Description
An authoritative and multidisciplinary Companion to Egypt during the Greco‑Roman and Late Antique period With contributions from noted authorities in the field, A Companion to Greco-Roman and Late Antique Egypt offers a comprehensive resource that covers almost 1000 years of Egyptian history, starting with the liberation of Egypt from Persian rule by Alexander the Great in 332 BC and ending in AD 642, when Arab rule started in the Nile country. The Companion takes a largely sociological perspective and includes a section on life portraits at the end of each part. The theme of identity in a multicultural environment and a chapter on the quality of life of Egypt's inhabitants clearly illustrate this objective. The authors put the emphasis on the changes that occurred in the Greco-Roman and Late Antique periods, as illustrated by such topics as: Traditional religious life challenged; Governing a country with a past: between tradition and innovation; and Creative minds in theory and praxis. This important resource: Discusses how Egypt became part of a globalizing world in Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times Explores notable innovations by the Ptolemies and Romans Puts the focus on the longue durée development Offers a thematic and multidisciplinary approach to the subject, bringing together scholars of different disciplines Contains life portraits in which various aspects and themes of people’s daily life in Egypt are discussed Written for academics and students of the Greco-Roman and Late Antique Egypt period, this Companion offers a guide that is useful for students in the areas of Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and New Testament studies.

Orality and Literacy in the Demotic Tales

Orality and Literacy in the Demotic Tales PDF Author: Jacqueline E. Jay
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004323074
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 373
Book Description
In Orality and Literacy in the Demotic Tales, Jacqueline E. Jay extrapolates from the surviving ancient Egyptian written record hints of a parallel oral tradition, focusing in particular on the corpus of Demotic narrative literature surviving from the Greco-Roman Period.

The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology

The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology PDF Author: Ian Shaw
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192596985
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1312
Book Description
The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology offers a comprehensive survey of the entire study of ancient Egypt from prehistory through to the end of the Roman period. It seeks to place Egyptology within its theoretical, methodological, and historical contexts, indicating how the subject has evolved and discussing its distinctive contemporary problems, issues, and potential. Transcending conventional boundaries between archaeological and ancient textual analysis, the volume brings together 63 chapters that range widely across archaeological, philological, and cultural sub-disciplines, highlighting the extent to which Egyptology as a subject has diversified and stressing the need for it to seek multidisciplinary methods and broader collaborations if it is to remain contemporary and relevant. Organized into ten parts, it offers a comprehensive synthesis of the various sub-topics and specializations that make up the field as a whole, from the historical and geographical perspectives that have influenced its development and current characteristics, to aspects of museology and conservation, and from materials and technology - as evidenced in domestic architecture and religious and funerary items - to textual and iconographic approaches to Egyptian culture. Authoritative yet accessible, it serves not only as an invaluable reference work for scholars and students working within the discipline, but also as a gateway into Egyptology for classicists, archaeologists, anthropologists, sociologists, and linguists.

Hieratic, Demotic and Greek Studies and Text Editions

Hieratic, Demotic and Greek Studies and Text Editions PDF Author: Cary J. Martin
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004377530
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 424
Book Description
This volume is a Festschrift in honour of Sven Vleeming containing the contributions of thirty-eight friends and colleagues, often renowned specialists in their respective fields. This book, which includes the editions of fifty-four new texts from Ancient Egypt that date from the 7th century BCE to the 2nd century CE, covers a very wide range of subjects in (Abnormal) Hieratic, Demotic and Greek papyrology. As such, it reflects the equally wide range of knowledge of the scholar to whom this book is dedicated.