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Providence and the Problem of Evil

Providence and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Richard Swinburne
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198237987
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 263

Book Description
Why does a loving God allow humans to suffer so much? This is one of the most difficult problems of religious belief. Richard Swinburne gives a careful, clear examination of this problem, and offers an answer: it is because God wants more for us than just pleasure or freedom from suffering. Swinburne argues that God wants humans to learn and to love, to make the choices which make great differences for good and evil to each other, to form our characters in the way we choose; aboveall to be of great use to each other. If we are to have all this, there will inevitably be suffering for the short period of our lives on Earth. But because of the good that God gives to humans in this life, and because he makes it possible for us, through our choice, to share the life of Heaven,he does not wrong us if he allows suffering.Providence and the Problem of Evil is the final volume of Richard Swinburne's acclaimed tetralogy on Christian doctrine. It may be read on its own as a self-standing treatment of this eternal philosophical issue. Readers who are interested in a unified study of the philosophical foundations of Christian belief will find it now in the tetralogy and in his trilogy on the philosophy of theism.

Providence and the Problem of Evil

Providence and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Richard Swinburne
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198237987
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 263
Book Description
Why does a loving God allow humans to suffer so much? This is one of the most difficult problems of religious belief. Richard Swinburne gives a careful, clear examination of this problem, and offers an answer: it is because God wants more for us than just pleasure or freedom from suffering. Swinburne argues that God wants humans to learn and to love, to make the choices which make great differences for good and evil to each other, to form our characters in the way we choose; aboveall to be of great use to each other. If we are to have all this, there will inevitably be suffering for the short period of our lives on Earth. But because of the good that God gives to humans in this life, and because he makes it possible for us, through our choice, to share the life of Heaven,he does not wrong us if he allows suffering.Providence and the Problem of Evil is the final volume of Richard Swinburne's acclaimed tetralogy on Christian doctrine. It may be read on its own as a self-standing treatment of this eternal philosophical issue. Readers who are interested in a unified study of the philosophical foundations of Christian belief will find it now in the tetralogy and in his trilogy on the philosophy of theism.

Providence, Evil and the Openness of God

Providence, Evil and the Openness of God PDF Author: William Hasker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136890963
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 248
Book Description
Providence, Evil and the Openness of God is a timely exploration of the philosophical implications of the rapidly-growing theological movement known as open theism, or the 'openness of God'. William Hasker, one of the philosophers prominently associated with this movement, presents the strengths of this position in comparison with its main competitors: Calvinism, process theism, and the theory of divine middle knowledge, or Molinism. The author develops alternative approaches to the problem of evil and to the problem of divine action in the world. In particular, he argues that believers should not maintain the view that each and every evil that occurs is permitted by God as a means to a 'greater good'. He contends that open theism makes possible an emphasis on the personalism of divine-human interaction in a way that traditional views, with their heavy emphasis on divine control, cannot easily match. The book concludes with a section of replies to critics, in which many of the objections levelled against open theism are addressed.

Providence and Evil

Providence and Evil PDF Author: Peter Geach
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521214773
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 186
Book Description


The Providence of God and the Existence of Evil

The Providence of God and the Existence of Evil PDF Author: Fr. Michael M. Gauvreau, FI
Publisher: Academy of the Immaculate
ISBN: 1601140282
Category : Good and evil
Languages : en
Pages : 125
Book Description
An answer to a commonly asked question of our time A Philosophical Treatise on the Problem of Evil One of the rational causes of modern atheism is the difficulty of many in reconciling the goodness of God in His Providence and the existence of evil in the world. This book attempts to resolve this apparent contradiction based on classical philosophy of the scholastics. It is a low-key apologetical discussion of the problem of evil in relation to divine Providence, with a concluding Marian twist to this perenniel theme of all human reflection, so important not only philosophically, but above all spiritually.

God and the Problem of Evil

God and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Chad Meister
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 0830891749
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 205
Book Description
The problem of evil has produced many responses and elicited vigorous debate. In this multiview book, five philosophical theologians discuss and defend different solutions to this ancient problem: Phillip Cary on the classic view, William Lane Craig on Molinism, William Hasker on open theism, Thomas J. Oord on essential kenosis, and Stephen Wykstra on skeptical theism.

Non-identity Theodicy

Non-identity Theodicy PDF Author: Vince R. Vitale
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198864221
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
Book Description
This book develops Non-Identity Theodicy as an original response to the problem of evil. It constructs an ethical framework for theodicy by sketching four cases of human action where horrendous evils are either caused, permitted, or risked, either for pure benefit or for harm avoidance.

The Classic Jewish Philosophers

The Classic Jewish Philosophers PDF Author: Eliezer Schweid
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004162135
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 490
Book Description
This book provides a standard reference of the major medieval Jewish philosophers, as well as an eminently readable narrative of the course of medieval Jewish philosophical thought, presented as a response to the spiritual-intellectual challenges facing Judaism in that period.

Divine Providence and the Problem of Evil

Divine Providence and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: Saint Augustine (of Hippo)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Good and evil
Languages : en
Pages : 191
Book Description


Calvinism and the Problem of Evil

Calvinism and the Problem of Evil PDF Author: David E. Alexander
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1620325780
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 318
Book Description
Contrary to what many philosophers believe, Calvinism neither makes the problem of evil worse nor is it obviously refuted by the presence of evil and suffering in our world. Or so most of the authors in this book claim. While Calvinism has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years amongst theologians and laypersons, many philosophers have yet to follow suit. The reason seems fairly clear: Calvinism, many think, cannot handle the problem of evil with the same kind of plausibility as other more popular views of the nature of God and the nature of God's relationship with His creation. This book seeks to challenge that untested assumption. With clarity and rigor, this collection of essays seeks to fill a significant hole in the literature on the problem of evil. The collection includes twelve original essays by David E. Alexander, James N. Anderson, James E. Bruce, Anthony Bryson, Christopher Green, Matthew J. Hart, Paul Helm, Daniel M. Johnson, Hugh J. McCann, Alexander R. Pruss, Greg Welty, and Heath White.

Non-Identity Theodicy

Non-Identity Theodicy PDF Author: Vince R. Vitale
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192609661
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Questions as personal as those about suffering require a very personal response. However, the most popular responses to "the problem of evil" revolve around abstract discussions of greater goods, maximization of value, and best possible worlds, depicting God as at best an impartial bureaucrat and at worst a utility fanatic, rather than as a loving parent concerned first and foremost for his children. Vince R. Vitale develops Non-Identity Theodicy as an original response to the problem of evil. He begins by recognizing that horrendous evils pose distinctive challenges for belief in God. The book constructs an ethical framework for theodicy by sketching four cases of human action where horrendous evils are either caused, permitted, or risked, either for pure benefit or for harm avoidance. This framework is then brought to bear on the project of theodicy. The initial conclusions drawn impugn the dominant structural approach of depicting God as causing or permitting horrors in individual lives for the sake of some merely pure benefit. This approach is insensitive to relevant asymmetries in the justificatory demands made by horrendous and non-horrendous evil and in the justificatory work done by averting harm and bestowing pure benefit. Vitale then critiques theodicies that depict God as permitting or risking horrors in order to avert greater harm. The second half of this book develops a theodicy that falls outside of the proposed taxonomy. Non-Identity Theodicy suggests that God allows evil because it is a necessary condition of creating individual people whom he desires to love. This approach to theodicy is unique because the justifying good recommended is neither harm-aversion nor pure benefit. It is not a good that betters the lives of individual human persons—for they would not exist otherwise, but it is the individual human persons themselves.