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Oscan in the Greek Alphabet

Oscan in the Greek Alphabet PDF Author: Nicholas Zair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 131648324X
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description
Oscan was spoken in Southern Italy in the second half of the first millennium BC. Here, for the first time, all the evidence for the spelling of Oscan in the Greek alphabet is collected and examined. Understanding the orthography of these inscriptions has far-reaching implications for the historical phonology and morphology of Oscan and the Italic languages (for example providing unique evidence for the reconstruction of the genitive plural). A striking discovery is the lack of a standardised orthography for Oscan in the Greek alphabet, which seriously problematises attempts to date inscriptions by assuming the consistent chronological development of spelling features. There are also intriguing insights into the linguistic situation in South Italy. Rather than a separate community of Oscan-speakers who had adopted and subsequently adapted the Greek alphabet in isolation, we should posit groups who were in touch with contemporary developments in Greek orthography due to widespread Greek-Oscan bilingualism.

Oscan in the Greek Alphabet

Oscan in the Greek Alphabet PDF Author: Nicholas Zair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 131648324X
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Oscan was spoken in Southern Italy in the second half of the first millennium BC. Here, for the first time, all the evidence for the spelling of Oscan in the Greek alphabet is collected and examined. Understanding the orthography of these inscriptions has far-reaching implications for the historical phonology and morphology of Oscan and the Italic languages (for example providing unique evidence for the reconstruction of the genitive plural). A striking discovery is the lack of a standardised orthography for Oscan in the Greek alphabet, which seriously problematises attempts to date inscriptions by assuming the consistent chronological development of spelling features. There are also intriguing insights into the linguistic situation in South Italy. Rather than a separate community of Oscan-speakers who had adopted and subsequently adapted the Greek alphabet in isolation, we should posit groups who were in touch with contemporary developments in Greek orthography due to widespread Greek-Oscan bilingualism.

Oscan in the Greek Alphabet

Oscan in the Greek Alphabet PDF Author: Nicholas Zair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107068924
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 275
Book Description
By examining Greek-alphabet Oscan inscriptions, this book shines light on the linguistics, bilingualism and epigraphy of ancient Southern Italy.

Scribes as Agents of Language Change

Scribes as Agents of Language Change PDF Author: Esther-Miriam Wagner
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 1614510547
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 336
Book Description
The majority of our evidence for language change in pre-modern times comes from the written output of scribes. The present volume deals with a variety of aspects of language change and focuses on the role of scribes. The individual articles, which treat different theoretical and empirical issues, reflect a broad cross-linguistic and cross-cultural diversity. The languages that are represented cover a broad spectrum, and the empirical data come from a wide range of sources. This book provides a wealth of new data and new perspectives on old problems, and it raises new questions about the actual mechanisms of language change.

Migration, Mobility and Language Contact in and around the Ancient Mediterranean

Migration, Mobility and Language Contact in and around the Ancient Mediterranean PDF Author: James Clackson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110880294X
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Migration, Mobility and Language Contact in and around the Ancient Mediterranean is the first volume to show the different ways in which surviving linguistic evidence can be used to track movements of people in the ancient world. Eleven chapters cover a number of case studies, which span the period from the seventh century BC to the fourth century AD, ranging from Spain to Egypt, from Sicily to Pannonia. The book includes detailed study of epigraphic and literary evidence written in Latin and Greek, as well as work on languages which are not so well documented, such as Etruscan and Oscan. There is a subject index and an index of works and inscriptions cited.

Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds

Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds PDF Author: James Clackson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521192358
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 219
Book Description
You are what you speak. What does language tell us about ancient societies and individuals?

Oscan in Southern Italy and Sicily

Oscan in Southern Italy and Sicily PDF Author: Katherine McDonald
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316395537
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
In pre-Roman Italy and Sicily, dozens of languages and writing systems competed and interacted, and bilingualism was the norm. Using frameworks from epigraphy, archaeology and the sociolinguistics of language contact, this book explores the relationship between Greek and Oscan, two of the most widely spoken languages in the south of the peninsula. Dr McDonald undertakes a new analysis of the entire corpus of South Oscan texts written in Lucania, Bruttium and Messana, including dedications, curse tablets, laws, funerary texts and graffiti. She demonstrates that genre and domain are critical to understanding where and when Greek was used within Oscan-speaking communities, and how ancient bilinguals exploited the social meaning of their languages in their writing. This book also offers a cutting-edge example of how to build the fullest possible picture of bilingualism in fragmentary languages across the ancient world.

Phonetics and Philology

Phonetics and Philology PDF Author: Jane Stuart-Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199257736
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 295
Book Description
This book presents an exhaustive treatment of a long-standing problem of Proto-Indo-European and Italic philology: the development of the Proto-Indo-European voiced aspirates in the ancient languages of Italy. In so doing it tackles a central issue of historical linguistics: the plausibility of explanations for sound change. The author argues that the problem can be resolved by combining a traditional philological investigation with experimental phonetics. Philological methodsenable the presentation of the first integrated account of the evidence for the Italic languages, with detailed discussion of languages other than Latin. Theory and methods from experimental phonetics are then adopted to offer a new explanation for how the sound change might have taken place. At the sametime, phonetic methods also confirm the traditional reconstruction of voiced aspirates for Proto-Indo-European. Thus the book offers a case-study of the successful application of synchronic theory and method to a problem of diachrony.

The Greek World

The Greek World PDF Author: Anton Powell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113469864X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 640
Book Description
Studying from the Mycenean to the late Hellenistic period, this work includes new articles by twenty-seven specialists of ancient Greece, and presents an examination of the Greek cultures of mainland Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt and Italy. With the chapters sharing the theme of social history, this fascinating book focuses on women, the poor, and the slaves – all traditionally seen as beyond the margins of powerand includes the study of figures who were on the literal margins of the Greek world. Bringing to the forefront the research into areas previously thought of as marginal, Anton Powell sheds new light on vital topics and authors who are central to the study of Greek culture. Plato’s reforms are illuminated through a consideration of his impatient and revolutionary attitude to women, and Powell also examines how the most potent symbol of central Greek history – the Parthenon – can be understood as a political symbol when viewed with the knowledge of the cosmetic techniques used by classical Athenian women. The Greek World is a stimulating and enlightening interaction of social and political history, comprehensive, and unique to boot, students will undoubtedly benefit from the insight and knowledge it imparts.

Creating Orthographies for Endangered Languages

Creating Orthographies for Endangered Languages PDF Author: Mari C. Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107148359
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 345
Book Description
This volume discusses how orthographies are being developed and implemented in the specific context of language endangerment and revitalisation. Chapters are written by academics working in the field of language endangerment and also by members of indigenous communities working 'at the coalface' of language support and maintenance.

Bilingualism and the Latin Language

Bilingualism and the Latin Language PDF Author: J. N. Adams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521817714
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 876
Book Description
Surveys cultural, historical, and linguistic questions surrounding the development of bilingualism in the Roman world.