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Immunology of ENT Disorders

Immunology of ENT Disorders PDF Author: Glenis K. Scadding
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401046299
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 230

Book Description
Until recently, the contribution of immunological knowledge to the under standingand management ofENTdisorders was slight, being largely confined to the appreciation that many rhinitic patients were allergic. Happily, this situation is rapidly changing: the immunological basis of many disorders of the ears, nose and throat is becoming recognized and the mechanisms of the reactions involved are being elucidated. From this, rational therapy should evolve. This book aims to highlight some of the areas in which immunological mechanisms are involved in otorhinolaryngology. It is written by experts in their respective fields of immunology and allergy, otology, rhinology and pathology. It opens with an overview ofthe pathways ofthe immune response and the cells and molecules involved, leading to an appreciation of the normal defence mechanisms of the upper respiratory tract and possible areas offailure. There is then a chapter on HIV infection and how this may present to otorhinolaryngologists. The normal function of the tonsil and the immunological effects oftonsillectomy are then considered. The varying roles of fungi in ENT disorders ranging from commensal through allergen to invasive organisms is assessed by Professor R. J. Hay. Perhaps the most obvious immunological contribution to management thus far lies in the immunocytochemical diagnosis of pathological conditions of the ears, nose and throat and this is covered in a chapter by Professor Leslie Michaels.

Immunology of ENT Disorders

Immunology of ENT Disorders PDF Author: Glenis K. Scadding
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401046299
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 230
Book Description
Until recently, the contribution of immunological knowledge to the under standingand management ofENTdisorders was slight, being largely confined to the appreciation that many rhinitic patients were allergic. Happily, this situation is rapidly changing: the immunological basis of many disorders of the ears, nose and throat is becoming recognized and the mechanisms of the reactions involved are being elucidated. From this, rational therapy should evolve. This book aims to highlight some of the areas in which immunological mechanisms are involved in otorhinolaryngology. It is written by experts in their respective fields of immunology and allergy, otology, rhinology and pathology. It opens with an overview ofthe pathways ofthe immune response and the cells and molecules involved, leading to an appreciation of the normal defence mechanisms of the upper respiratory tract and possible areas offailure. There is then a chapter on HIV infection and how this may present to otorhinolaryngologists. The normal function of the tonsil and the immunological effects oftonsillectomy are then considered. The varying roles of fungi in ENT disorders ranging from commensal through allergen to invasive organisms is assessed by Professor R. J. Hay. Perhaps the most obvious immunological contribution to management thus far lies in the immunocytochemical diagnosis of pathological conditions of the ears, nose and throat and this is covered in a chapter by Professor Leslie Michaels.

Immunology of ENT Disorders

Immunology of ENT Disorders PDF Author: Glenis K. Scadding
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401114366
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 230
Book Description
Until recently, the contribution of immunological knowledge to the under standingand management ofENTdisorders was slight, being largely confined to the appreciation that many rhinitic patients were allergic. Happily, this situation is rapidly changing: the immunological basis of many disorders of the ears, nose and throat is becoming recognized and the mechanisms of the reactions involved are being elucidated. From this, rational therapy should evolve. This book aims to highlight some of the areas in which immunological mechanisms are involved in otorhinolaryngology. It is written by experts in their respective fields of immunology and allergy, otology, rhinology and pathology. It opens with an overview ofthe pathways ofthe immune response and the cells and molecules involved, leading to an appreciation of the normal defence mechanisms of the upper respiratory tract and possible areas offailure. There is then a chapter on HIV infection and how this may present to otorhinolaryngologists. The normal function of the tonsil and the immunological effects oftonsillectomy are then considered. The varying roles of fungi in ENT disorders ranging from commensal through allergen to invasive organisms is assessed by Professor R. J. Hay. Perhaps the most obvious immunological contribution to management thus far lies in the immunocytochemical diagnosis of pathological conditions of the ears, nose and throat and this is covered in a chapter by Professor Leslie Michaels.

Manual of Allergy and Clinical Immunology for Otolaryngologists

Manual of Allergy and Clinical Immunology for Otolaryngologists PDF Author: David L. Rosenstreich
Publisher: Plural Publishing
ISBN: 1597568864
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 464
Book Description
Manual of Allergy and Clinical Immunology for Otolaryngologists presents the most up-to-date knowledge related to allergy and immunology directed towards the unique needs of otolaryngologists. Many of the clinical conditions treated by otolaryngologists have an allergic or immunologic pathogenesis, including sinusitis, rhinitis and otitis, and otolaryngologists are often required to use allergic methodology in treating these problems. This book is a resource to which physicians can refer to help them manage allergic aspects of common ENT problems and their diagnosis and management. Manual of Allergy and Clinical Immunology for Otolaryngologists begins with an introduction to the fundamental immunologic processes necessary to understand allergic mechanism and diseases and goes on to include food and drug allergies, anaphylaxis, immune deficiencies, occupational allergic diseases, and tumor immunology, among other topics. Otolaryngologists across all specialties as well as residents will benefit from the current information that focuses on the most important aspects of each topic in a concise, easy to reference format.

Allergy and Associated Disorders in Otolaryngology

Allergy and Associated Disorders in Otolaryngology PDF Author: American Academy of Allergy and Immunology
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description


Immunology of Renal Disease

Immunology of Renal Disease PDF Author: C.D. Pusey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401139024
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 294
Book Description
Although it has been appreciated for many years that immune processes underlie most types of glomerulonephritis, it is the recent explosion in knowl edge of cellular and molecular immunology that has prompted another book on the subject. The understanding of the mechanisms involved in renal injury requires the integration of information from in vitro cell-culture systems, experimental models of disease, and clinical studies. This volume draws on all of these sources in an attempt to explain current concepts of nephritis. Increased emphasis is placed on autoimmune processes, as opposed to the deposition of circulating immune complexes, although it will be apparent that these may overlap in the area of "in situ" immune complex formation. Of central importance in autoimmunity is the relationship between antigen pre senting cells (including B cells) expressing MHC class II molecules, autoan tigenic peptides, T helper lymphocytes, and various effector cells. The mechanisms by which the immune system may lead to tissue injury are also becoming better understood, and consideration is given to the role of inflam matory cells, the complement proteins, and soluble factors such as cytokines and eicosanoids.

Immunology of Gastrointestinal Disease

Immunology of Gastrointestinal Disease PDF Author: T.T. Macdonald
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401129789
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 307
Book Description
Gastrointestinal diseases present a considerable problem in human medicine in terms of both morbidity and mortality. The aim of this book is to cover the different immunological disorders of the gut with special reference to immunopathological and protective mechanisms. It will be of general interest to clinicians, scientists and students concerned with the gastrointestinal tract. Topics covered include: the current status of research into toxin-secreting pathogens, Campylobacter, Giardia and HIV; the immunological features of idiopathic inflammatory gut diseases such as Crohn's disease and intractable diarrhoea; the genesis of the flat mucosa; the iatrogenic diseases of the gut such as graft-versus-host disease and small bowel allografts; the immune mechanisms and lesions in the gut of patients with parasitic nematode infections (very important in the tropics). Basic background on the immune apparatus in the intestine is also discussed, as are the effects of inflammation on intestinal permeability.

Immunology of Neuromuscular Disease

Immunology of Neuromuscular Disease PDF Author: Reinhard Hohlfeld
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401114226
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 299
Book Description
The neuromuscular diseases comprise the disorders of peripheral nerves, the neuromuscular junction, and muscle. Both pre and post-synaptic elements of the neuromuscular junction may become targets of autoimmune attack in different diseases. This book addresses the immunologically mediated neuromuscular diseases, including Guillain--Barré syndrome and other autoimmune neuropathies, the Lambert--Eaton myasthenic syndrome, myasthenia gravis, and the autoimmune diseases of muscle. Two chapters are devoted to the vasculitic and HIV-mediated neuromuscular diseases. The experimental models of neuritis and myasthenia gravis are addressed in separate chapters. An introductory chapter provides a general background to autoimmunity. This book is a useful overview for all neurologists, rheumatologists and immunologists both in research and clinical practice.

Immunology of Liver Disease

Immunology of Liver Disease PDF Author: H.C. Thomas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401114285
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 209
Book Description
The role of the immune response in both the pathology of liver disease and in the modulation ofliver injury has been the subject of intense research. This book aims to present the current understanding of the involvement of the immune response in liver disease. The first chapters examine the role of the immune response in viral infections of the liver. These viruses cause hepatitis of varying severity and it is thought that many of the mechanisms responsible for liver cell injury are immunologically mediated. In addition three of these viruses, hepatitic B, C, and D, are associated with persistent infection and chronic liver disease. The role of the immune response in viral persistence is discussed. Further chapters are devoted to the three major autoimmune liver diseases which are thought to be the result of loss of tolerance to autologous liver tissue. There has been much recent research on cellular immune responses in these diseases but knowledge of the immunological processes which lead to the breakdown of tolerance and the mechanisms of tissue damage are limited. Other research has concentrated on the identification of the antigens which are the targets of this immune response. Linkage disequilibrium between MHC alleles and autoimmune diseases has suggested a role for immunogenetic factors.

Cancer Immunology

Cancer Immunology PDF Author: R.A. Robins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401709637
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 253
Book Description
This publication provides a comprehensive account of the known groups of human tumour antigens, and the immune effector cells involved in tumour rejection. Chapters dealing with all the major groups of human tumour antigens are included, covering differentiation antigens, testes-associated antigens, CEA, mucin, viral antigens, anti-idiotypic antibodies as antigens, and fusion proteins. The role of heat shock proteins as mediators of tumour immunity is discussed and consideration is given to the immune mechanisms which mediate tumour rejection in both human and animal systems. The application of antibody targeting to identify cancers, and the mechanisms by which tumours evade immune detection and/or destruction is covered in detail. Although the focus of this publication is experimental, as with other recent publications progress in clinical immunotherapy is included in some detail, to provide postgraduate and post-doctoral scientists with in-depth reviews of the field.

Immunology of Infection

Immunology of Infection PDF Author: J.G. Sissons
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401114307
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 245
Book Description
The immune system has evolved in large part to enable organisms to resist microbial infection. Microorganisms have long been used as experimental tools by immunologists, and the study of the immune response to viruses and bacteria has contributed much to our understanding of basic immunological mechanisms. There are also important practical and clinical reasons for attempting to understand the immunology of infections -- these include the rational design of vaccines, the pathogenesis of infectious diseases, the advent of AIDS, the rise in drug-resistant mycobacterial infections and the recognition of the infectious aetiology of peptic ulcer disease. The contributors to this book are all chosen for their active involvement and expertise in the fields. It bridges the divide between basic immunological research and clinical practice.