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Frontier Settlement and Market Revolution

Frontier Settlement and Market Revolution PDF Author: Charles E. Brooks
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801431203
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
Land development in western New York contributed to some of the most dramatic and convulsive changes in nineteenth-century America. Charles E. Brooks studies the Holland Land Purchase to explain the market revolution in the New England and New York countryside by tracing the actual development of a frontier region. Brooks argues that historians have been too quick to view ordinary people as the pawns of various elites; the frontier farmers and small producers of the Holland Land Purchase, he maintains, cannot easily be placed along a continuum stretching from republican virtue to liberal self-interest. They simply wanted access to the land and resources necessary for a modest, comfortable life. Frontier Settlement and Market Revolution also explores the ecological impact of frontier settlement and the evolution of private land development based on the decision either to clear land for farming or to harvest timber resources for potash, lumber, maple sugar, fuel wood, and scrub pasture. When slumping land values and rising indebtedness generated a crisis for both landlords and settlers in the 1820s, conflict between the self-interest of small producers and the Holland Land Company's urge to control the region's economic growth was inevitable.

Frontier Settlement and Market Revolution

Frontier Settlement and Market Revolution PDF Author: Charles E. Brooks
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801431203
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 268
Book Description
Land development in western New York contributed to some of the most dramatic and convulsive changes in nineteenth-century America. Charles E. Brooks studies the Holland Land Purchase to explain the market revolution in the New England and New York countryside by tracing the actual development of a frontier region. Brooks argues that historians have been too quick to view ordinary people as the pawns of various elites; the frontier farmers and small producers of the Holland Land Purchase, he maintains, cannot easily be placed along a continuum stretching from republican virtue to liberal self-interest. They simply wanted access to the land and resources necessary for a modest, comfortable life. Frontier Settlement and Market Revolution also explores the ecological impact of frontier settlement and the evolution of private land development based on the decision either to clear land for farming or to harvest timber resources for potash, lumber, maple sugar, fuel wood, and scrub pasture. When slumping land values and rising indebtedness generated a crisis for both landlords and settlers in the 1820s, conflict between the self-interest of small producers and the Holland Land Company's urge to control the region's economic growth was inevitable.

All for the Union

All for the Union PDF Author: John A. Simpson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0811770885
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 432
Book Description
When the South bombarded Fort Sumter in April 1861, the Ellithorpe family in rural New York answered President Lincoln’s call to defend the Union. For the next four years, the two Ellithorpe brothers and two of their brothers-in-law fought in some of the Civil War’s most storied regiments, on nearly every major battlefield in the East. In this utterly unique Civil War history/biography, John A. Simpson reconstructs the intertwined lives and wars of four Union soldiers, from Bull Run to Gettysburg and beyond. When the Civil War broke out, Phillip Ellithorpe, Philander Ellithorpe, Asa Burleson, and Oliver Moore did not hesitate to volunteer to fight for the Union. Their service would encompass virtually every branch of the Northern army: infantry (including sharpshooters), cavalry (mounted and dismounted), and artillery as well as commissary, engineering, and ambulance duty. They would serve in six different regiments: the 13th Pennsylvania Reserves (the legendary Bucktails); the 27th New York Infantry (the Union Regiment); the 2nd New York Mounted Rifles; the 5th Vermont Infantry; the 1st New York Dragoons; and the 1st Minnesota, which gained immortality at Gettysburg. They would participate in the major battles of the war’s Eastern theater: First Bull Run, the Peninsula, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Grant’s Overland campaign through Petersburg. Phillip would die at Gettysburg, and the other three would return home and live under the shadow of the Civil War for the rest of their lives. All for the Union tells the dramatic story of these four soldiers, weaving their lives and wars into a tapestry of how one family navigated home front and battle front during the Civil War. Based on 180 family letters, voluminous primary and second sources, and visits to homes and battlefields from Allegany County, New York, to Richmond, Virginia, All for the Union is a remarkable contribution to Civil War history.

For the People

For the People PDF Author: Ronald P. Formisano
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807886113
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
For the People offers a new interpretation of populist political movements from the Revolution to the eve of the Civil War and roots them in the disconnect between the theory of rule by the people and the reality of rule by elected representatives. Ron Formisano seeks to rescue populist movements from the distortions of contemporary opponents as well as the misunderstandings of later historians. From the Anti-Federalists to the Know-Nothings, Formisano traces the movements chronologically, contextualizing them and demonstrating the progression of ideas and movements. Although American populist movements have typically been categorized as either progressive or reactionary, left-leaning or right-leaning, Formisano argues that most populist movements exhibit liberal and illiberal tendencies simultaneously. Gendered notions of "manhood" are an enduring feature, yet women have been intimately involved in nearly every populist insurgency. By considering these movements together, Formisano identifies commonalities that belie the pattern of historical polarization and bring populist movements from the margins to the core of American history.

Seneca Possessed

Seneca Possessed PDF Author: Matthew Dennis
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812207084
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
Seneca Possessed examines the ordeal of a Native people in the wake of the American Revolution. As part of the once-formidable Iroquois Six Nations in western New York, Senecas occupied a significant if ambivalent place within the newly established United States. They found themselves the object of missionaries' conversion efforts while also confronting land speculators, poachers, squatters, timber-cutters, and officials from state and federal governments. In response, Seneca communities sought to preserve their territories and culture amid a maelstrom of economic, social, religious, and political change. They succeeded through a remarkable course of cultural innovation and conservation, skillful calculation and luck, and the guidance of both a Native prophet and unusual Quakers. Through the prophecies of Handsome Lake and the message of Quaker missionaries, this process advanced fitfully, incorporating elements of Christianity and white society and economy, along with older Seneca ideas and practices. But cultural reinvention did not come easily. Episodes of Seneca witch-hunting reflected the wider crises the Senecas were experiencing. Ironically, as with so much of their experience in this period, such episodes also allowed for the preservation of Seneca sovereignty, as in the case of Tommy Jemmy, a Seneca chief tried by New York in 1821 for executing a Seneca "witch." Here Senecas improbably but successfully defended their right to self-government. Through the stories of Tommy Jemmy, Handsome Lake, and others, Seneca Possessed explores how the Seneca people and their homeland were "possessed"—culturally, spiritually, materially, and legally—in the era of early American independence.

Wild Yankees

Wild Yankees PDF Author: Paul B. Moyer
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501700820
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 232
Book Description
Northeast Pennsylvania's Wyoming Valley was truly a dark and bloody ground, the site of murders, massacres, and pitched battles. The valley's turbulent history was the product of a bitter contest over property and power known as the Wyoming controversy. This dispute, which raged between the mid-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries, intersected with conflicts between whites and native peoples over land, a jurisdictional contest between Pennsylvania and Connecticut, violent contention over property among settlers and land speculators, and the social tumult of the American Revolution. In its later stages, the controversy pitted Pennsylvania and its settlers and speculators against "Wild Yankees"—frontier insurgents from New England who contested the state's authority and soil rights. In Wild Yankees, Paul B. Moyer argues that a struggle for personal independence waged by thousands of ordinary settlers lay at the root of conflict in northeast Pennsylvania and across the revolutionary-era frontier. The concept and pursuit of independence was not limited to actual war or high politics; it also resonated with ordinary people, such as the Wild Yankees, who pursued their own struggles for autonomy. This battle for independence drew settlers into contention with native peoples, wealthy speculators, governments, and each other over land, the shape of America's postindependence social order, and the meaning of the Revolution. With vivid descriptions of the various levels of this conflict, Moyer shows that the Wyoming controversy illuminates settlement, the daily lives of settlers, and agrarian unrest along the early American frontier.

After the Gold Rush

After the Gold Rush PDF Author: David Vaught
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801897807
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
A dramatic history of a group of families in post-gold rush California who turned to agriculture when mining failed. “It is a glorious country,” exclaimed Stephen J. Field, the future U.S. Supreme Court justice, upon arriving in California in 1849. Field’s pronouncement was more than just an expression of exuberance. For an electrifying moment, he and another 100,000 hopeful gold miners found themselves face-to-face with something commensurate to their capacity to dream. Most failed to hit pay dirt in gold. Thereafter, one illustrative group of them struggled to make a living in wheat, livestock, and fruit along Putah Creek in the lower Sacramento Valley. Like Field, they never forgot that first “glorious” moment in California when anything seemed possible. In After the Gold Rush, David Vaught examines the hard-luck miners-turned-farmers—the Pierces, Greenes, Montgomerys, Careys, and others—who refused to admit a second failure, faced flood and drought, endured monumental disputes and confusion over land policy, and struggled to come to grips with the vagaries of local, national, and world markets. Their dramatic story exposes the underside of the American dream and the haunting consequences of trying to strike it rich. “An excellent history of farming in the Sacramento Valley in the late nineteenth century.” —California History “Vaught tells a riveting story of two generations of farmers who “committed themselves not only to the market but to community life as well.” He argues that these twin commitments, born of their failures in the gold fields, were an essential part of the culture of American capitalism that emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century.” —Business History Review “Vaught set himself the goal of writing a “new” rural history of California, examining the state’s wheat farmers in their social and cultural contexts. In After the Gold Rush, he achieves his goal admirably.” —Journal of American History “An agricultural history that weaves together an unpredictable creek, a fluctuating market, and the perseverance of the American Dream.” —Journal of Interdisciplinary History 2008 Winner of the Albert J. Beveridge Award of the American Historical Association

Land and Freedom

Land and Freedom PDF Author: Reeve Huston
Publisher: Rural Society, Popular Protest
ISBN: 9780195158229
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 308
Book Description
In the early 19th century, most of New York's farmland was controlled by a few families. In 1839, some tenants created a movement to destroy the estates and to redistribute the land. This work brings to life the voices of antebellum northern farmers as they debated social and political issues.

The Roots of American Industrialization

The Roots of American Industrialization PDF Author: David R. Meyer
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801871412
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 364
Book Description
Looks at the rise of industrialization in the Eastern United States during the first half of the nineteenth century.

Inequality in Early America

Inequality in Early America PDF Author: Carla Gardina Pestana
Publisher: Dartmouth College Press
ISBN: 161168692X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 345
Book Description
This book was designed as a collaborative effort to satisfy a long-felt need to pull together many important but separate inquiries into the nature and impact of inequality in colonial and revolutionary America. It also honors the scholarship of Gary Nash, who has contributed much of the leading work in this field. The 15 contributors, who constitute a Who's Who of those who have made important discoveries and reinterpretations of this issue, include Mary Beth Norton on women's legal inequality in early America; Neal Salisbury on Puritan missionaries and Native Americans; Laurel Thatcher Ulrich on elite and poor women's work in early Boston; Peter Wood and Philip Morgan on early American slavery; as well as Gary Nash himself writing on Indian/white history. This book is a vital contribution to American self-understanding and to historical analysis.

The World of the Revolutionary American Republic

The World of the Revolutionary American Republic PDF Author: Andrew Shankman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317814967
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 478
Book Description
In its early years, the American Republic was far from stable. Conflict and violence, including major land wars, were defining features of the period from the Revolution to the outbreak of the Civil War, as struggles over who would control land and labor were waged across the North American continent. The World of the Revolutionary American Republic brings together original essays from an array of scholars to illuminate the issues that made this era so contested. Drawing on the latest research, the essays examine the conflicts that occurred both within the Republic and between the different peoples inhabiting the continent. Covering issues including slavery, westward expansion, the impact of Revolutionary ideals, and the economy, this collection provides a diverse range of insights into the turbulent era in which the United States emerged as a nation. With contributions from leading scholars in the field, both American and international, The World of the Revolutionary American Republic is an important resource for any scholar of early America.