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From Christianity to Judaism

From Christianity to Judaism PDF Author: Yosef Kaplan
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1909821411
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 560

Book Description
Isaac Orobio de Castro, a crypto-Jew from Portugal, was one of the most prominent intellectual figures of the Sephardi Diaspora in the seventeenth century. After studying medicine and theology in Spain, and having pursued a distinguished medical career, he was arrested by the Spanish Inquisition for practising Judaism, tortured, tired, and imprisoned. He subsequently emigrated to France and became a professor of medicine at the University of Toulouse before openly professing his Judaism and going to Amsterdam where he joined the thriving Portuguese Jewish community. Amsterdam was then a city of great cultural creativity and religious pluralism where Orobio found open to him the world of religious thinkers and learned scholars. In this atmosphere he flourished and became an outstanding spokesman and apologist for the Jewish community. He engaged in controversy with Juan de Prado and Baruch Spinoza, who were both excommunicated by the Portuguese Jewish community, as well as with Christian theologians of various sects and denominations, including Philip van Limborch. This fascinating biography of Orobio sheds light on the complex life of a unique Jewish community of former Christians who had openly returned to Judaism. It focuses on the particular dilemmas of the converts, their attempts to establish boundaries between their Christian past and their new identity, their internal conflicts, and their ability to create new forms of Jewish life and expression.

From Christianity to Judaism

From Christianity to Judaism PDF Author: Yosef Kaplan
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1909821411
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 560
Book Description
Isaac Orobio de Castro, a crypto-Jew from Portugal, was one of the most prominent intellectual figures of the Sephardi Diaspora in the seventeenth century. After studying medicine and theology in Spain, and having pursued a distinguished medical career, he was arrested by the Spanish Inquisition for practising Judaism, tortured, tired, and imprisoned. He subsequently emigrated to France and became a professor of medicine at the University of Toulouse before openly professing his Judaism and going to Amsterdam where he joined the thriving Portuguese Jewish community. Amsterdam was then a city of great cultural creativity and religious pluralism where Orobio found open to him the world of religious thinkers and learned scholars. In this atmosphere he flourished and became an outstanding spokesman and apologist for the Jewish community. He engaged in controversy with Juan de Prado and Baruch Spinoza, who were both excommunicated by the Portuguese Jewish community, as well as with Christian theologians of various sects and denominations, including Philip van Limborch. This fascinating biography of Orobio sheds light on the complex life of a unique Jewish community of former Christians who had openly returned to Judaism. It focuses on the particular dilemmas of the converts, their attempts to establish boundaries between their Christian past and their new identity, their internal conflicts, and their ability to create new forms of Jewish life and expression.

Communion in the Messiah

Communion in the Messiah PDF Author: Lev Gillet
Publisher: James Clarke & Co.
ISBN: 9780227172254
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 264
Book Description
This challenging book develops two main themes: the substitution of dialogue for the one-sided ëmission to the Jewsí, and the communion of Jews and Christians in the one Messiah.

The Gospel of Matthew and Christian Judaism

The Gospel of Matthew and Christian Judaism PDF Author: David C. Sim
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9780567086419
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 347
Book Description
In this meticulously researched study, David C. Sim reconstructs the Matthean community at the time the Gospel was written and traces its full history. Dr. Sim demonstrates that the Matthean community should be located in Antioch in the late first century, and he argues that the history of this community can only be understood in the context of the factionalism of the early Christian movement. He identifies two distinctive and opposing Christian perspectives: the first represented by the Jerusalem church and the Matthean community, which maintained that the Christian message must be preached within the context of Judaism; and the second represented by Paul and the Pauline communities, in which Christians were not expected to observe the Jewish law. Dr. Sim reconstructs not only the conflict between Matthew's Christian Jewish community and the Pauline churches, but also its further conflicts with the Jewish and Gentile worlds in the aftermath of the Jewish war.

The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam

The Character of David in Judaism, Christianity and Islam PDF Author:
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004465979
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 660
Book Description
One of the most central figures in monotheistic traditions is King David. The volume takes a new, critical look at the process of biblical creation and exegetical transformation of this character in the intertwined words of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Christianity and Judaism

Christianity and Judaism PDF Author: Yeḥezkel Kaufmann
Publisher: Magnes Press
ISBN:
Category : Christianity
Languages : en
Pages : 230
Book Description
The writings of Yehezkel Kaufman (1889-1963), late Professor of Bible at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, fall into three main categories: Bible studies, of which the four-volume History of the Religion of Israel is the magnum opus; socio-historical analysis of Jewry's fate and existence as a diaspora-nation community, with the two-volume Golah ve-Nekhar (Exile and Estrangement) being its most outstanding scholarly undertaking in this regard; finally topical articles dealing with immediate socio-political problems of Zionism and the emerging State of Israel. This book comprises three successive chapters from Yehezkel Kaufman's Golah ve-Nekhar which, though intrinsically related to the central topic of that work, constitute a distinct unit of its own. The basic difference between Judaism and Christianity is here defined as two forms of covenant being in conflict with each other.

The Concept of Just War in Judaism, Christianity and Islam

The Concept of Just War in Judaism, Christianity and Islam PDF Author: Georges Tamer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110733269
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 172
Book Description
For Jews, Christians and Muslims, as for all human beings, military conflicts and war remain part of the reality of the world. The authoritative writings of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, namely the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament and the Koran, as well as the theological and philosophical traditions based on them, bear witness to this fact. Showing the influence of different historical political situations, various views – sometimes quite similar, sometimes more divergent -- have developed in the three religions to justify the waging of war under certain circumstances. Such views have also been integrated in different ways into legal systems while, in certain cases, theologies have provide legitimation for military expansion and atrocities. The aim of the volume The Concept of Just War in Judaism, Christianity and Islam is to explore the respective understanding of “just war” in each one of these three religions and to make their commonalities and differences discursively visible. In addition, it highlights and explains the significance of the topic to the present time. Can the concepts developed in the Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions in order to justify war, serve as a foundation for contemporary peace ethics? Or do religious arguments always add fuel to the fire in armed conflict? The contributions in this volume will help provide answers to these and other socially and politically relevant questions.

How to Conquer the Barriers to Intercultural Dialogue

How to Conquer the Barriers to Intercultural Dialogue PDF Author: Christiane Timmerman
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9789052013732
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 240
Book Description
In a world society ruled by economic globalisation, by political interests and theories such as Huntington's «clash of civilisations» that widen the gap between the North and the South, the question should be asked of the role of the religion. To what extent religion and politics can work together? Can faith still be thought as a means of saving the world? Considering that Christianity, Islam and Judaism have much in common, this collection of miscellanies wonders if these religions can join their forces for public benefit. Senior and junior scholars from all over the world, gathered for an interdisciplinary seminar, analyse the contemporary international relationships and geopolitics through the prism of religion, discussing whether it can provide practical solutions to solve conflicts and increase the respect of human rights.

Exegetical Crossroads

Exegetical Crossroads PDF Author: Georges Tamer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110562936
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 407
Book Description
The art of interpreting Holy Scriptures flourished throughout the culturally heterogeneous pre-modern Orient among Jews, Christians and Muslims. Different ways of interpretation developed within each religion not without considering the others. How were the interactions and how productive were they for the further development of these traditions? Have there been blurred spaces of scholarly activity that transcended sectarian borders? What was the role played by mutual influences in profiling the own tradition against the others? These and other related questions are critically treated in the present volume.

Religious Resurgence

Religious Resurgence PDF Author: Richard T. Antoun
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 298
Book Description


Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism

Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism PDF Author: Hershel Shanks
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Christianity
Languages : en
Pages : 380
Book Description
This book tells the story of the formation of classical Judaism and orthodox Christianity as parallel yet interlocking histories. Here, in a series of chapters written by leading scholars in this country and in Israel, the reader is offered a general account of how, during the first six centuries of the Common Era, Judaism and Christianity took the form we recognize today.