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Elements of Formal Semantics

Elements of Formal Semantics PDF Author: Yoad Winter
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677771
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272

Book Description
Introducing some of the foundational concepts, principles and techniques in the formal semantics of natural language, Elements of Formal Semantics outlines the mathematical principles that underlie linguistic meaning. Making use of a wide range of concrete English examples, the book presents the most useful tools and concepts of formal semantics in an accessible style and includes a variety of practical exercises so that readers can learn to utilise these tools effectively. For readers with an elementary background in set theory and linguistics or with an interest in mathematical modelling, this fascinating study is an ideal introduction to natural language semantics. Designed as a quick yet thorough introduction to one of the most vibrant areas of research in modern linguistics today this volume reveals the beauty and elegance of the mathematical study of meaning.

Elements of Formal Semantics

Elements of Formal Semantics PDF Author: Yoad Winter
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677771
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272
Book Description
Introducing some of the foundational concepts, principles and techniques in the formal semantics of natural language, Elements of Formal Semantics outlines the mathematical principles that underlie linguistic meaning. Making use of a wide range of concrete English examples, the book presents the most useful tools and concepts of formal semantics in an accessible style and includes a variety of practical exercises so that readers can learn to utilise these tools effectively. For readers with an elementary background in set theory and linguistics or with an interest in mathematical modelling, this fascinating study is an ideal introduction to natural language semantics. Designed as a quick yet thorough introduction to one of the most vibrant areas of research in modern linguistics today this volume reveals the beauty and elegance of the mathematical study of meaning.

Elements of Formal Semantics

Elements of Formal Semantics PDF Author: John N. Martin
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 384
Book Description


Elements of Formal Semantics

Elements of Formal Semantics PDF Author: John N. Martin
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 386
Book Description


Elements of Formal Semantics

Elements of Formal Semantics PDF Author: Yoad Winter
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780748640430
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 224
Book Description
In formal semantics, structure is treated as the essential ingredient in the creation of sentence meaning from individual word meaning. This book introduces some of the foundational concepts, principles and techniques in the formal semantics of natural language and outlines the mathematical principles that underlie linguistics meaning. Using English examples, Yoad Winter presents the most useful tools and concepts of formal semantics in an accessible style and includes a variety of practical exercises so that readers can learn to utilize these tools effectively. For readers with an elementary background in set theory and linguistics or with an interest in mathematical modelling, this fascinating study is an ideal introduction to natural language semantics. Designed as a quick yet thorough introduction to one of the most vibrant areas of research in modern linguistics today this volume reveals the beauty and elegance of the mathematical study of meaning.

Formal Semantics and Pragmatics for Natural Languages

Formal Semantics and Pragmatics for Natural Languages PDF Author: Franz Guenthner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400997752
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 379
Book Description
The essays in this collection are the outgrowth of a workshop, held in June 1976, on formal approaches to the semantics and pragmatics of natural languages. They document in an astoundingly uniform way the develop ments in the formal analysis of natural languages since the late sixties. The avowed aim of the' workshop was in fact to assess the progress made in the application of formal methods to semantics, to confront different approaches to essentially the same problems on the one hand, and, on the other, to show the way in relating semantic and pragmatic explanations of linguistic phenomena. Several of these papers can in fact be regarded as attempts to close the 'semiotic circle' by bringing together the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic properties of certain constructions in an explanatory framework thereby making it more than obvious that these three components of an integrated linguistic theory cannot be as neatly separated as one would have liked to believe. In other words, not only can we not elaborate a syntactic description of (a fragment of) a language and then proceed to the semantics (as Montague pointed out already forcefully in 1968), we cannot hope to achieve an adequate integrated syntax and semantics without paying heed to the pragmatic aspects of the constructions involved. The behavior of polarity items, 'quantifiers' like any, conditionals or even logical particles like and and or in non-indicative sentences is clear-cut evidence for the need to let each component of the grammar inform the other.

The Cambridge Handbook of Formal Semantics

The Cambridge Handbook of Formal Semantics PDF Author: Maria Aloni
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 131655273X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :
Book Description
Formal semantics - the scientific study of meaning in natural language - is one of the most fundamental and long-established areas of linguistics. This Handbook offers a comprehensive, yet compact guide to the field, bringing together research from a wide range of world-leading experts. Chapters include coverage of the historical context and foundation of contemporary formal semantics, a survey of the variety of formal/logical approaches to linguistic meaning and an overview of the major areas of research within current semantic theory, broadly conceived. The Handbook also explores the interfaces between semantics and neighbouring disciplines, including research in cognition and computation. This work will be essential reading for students and researchers working in linguistics, philosophy, psychology and computer science.

The Formal Semantics of Programming Languages

The Formal Semantics of Programming Languages PDF Author: Glynn Winskel
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262731034
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 388
Book Description
The Formal Semantics of Programming Languages provides the basic mathematical techniques necessary for those who are beginning a study of the semantics and logics of programming languages. These techniques will allow students to invent, formalize, and justify rules with which to reason about a variety of programming languages. Although the treatment is elementary, several of the topics covered are drawn from recent research, including the vital area of concurency. The book contains many exercises ranging from simple to miniprojects.Starting with basic set theory, structural operational semantics is introduced as a way to define the meaning of programming languages along with associated proof techniques. Denotational and axiomatic semantics are illustrated on a simple language of while-programs, and fall proofs are given of the equivalence of the operational and denotational semantics and soundness and relative completeness of the axiomatic semantics. A proof of Godel's incompleteness theorem, which emphasizes the impossibility of achieving a fully complete axiomatic semantics, is included. It is supported by an appendix providing an introduction to the theory of computability based on while-programs. Following a presentation of domain theory, the semantics and methods of proof for several functional languages are treated. The simplest language is that of recursion equations with both call-by-value and call-by-name evaluation. This work is extended to lan guages with higher and recursive types, including a treatment of the eager and lazy lambda-calculi. Throughout, the relationship between denotational and operational semantics is stressed, and the proofs of the correspondence between the operation and denotational semantics are provided. The treatment of recursive types - one of the more advanced parts of the book - relies on the use of information systems to represent domains. The book concludes with a chapter on parallel programming languages, accompanied by a discussion of methods for specifying and verifying nondeterministic and parallel programs.

Formal Methods for Components and Objects

Formal Methods for Components and Objects PDF Author: Bernhard K. Aichernig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642252702
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 402
Book Description
The focus in development methodologies of large and complex software systems has switched in the last two decades from functional issues to structural issues; this holds for both the object-oriented and the more recent component-based software engineering paradigms. Formal methods have been applied successfully to the verification of medium-sized programs in protocol and hardware design for quite a long time. However, their application to the development of large systems requires more emphasis on specification, modeling and validation techniques supporting the concepts of reusability and modifiability, and their implementation in new extensions of existing programming languages like Java. This state-of-the-art survey presents the outcome of the 9th Symposium on Formal Methods for Components and Objects, held in Graz, Austria, in November/December 2010. The volume contains 20 revised contributions submitted after the symposium by speakers from each of the following European IST projects: the FP7-IST project AVANTSSAR on automated validation of trust and security of service-oriented architectures; the FP7-IST project DEPLOY on industrial deployment of advanced system engineering methods for high productivity and dependability; the ESF-COST Action IC0701 on formal verification of object-oriented software; the FP7-IST project HATS on highly adaptable and trustworthy software using formal models; the FP7-SST project INESS on an integrated European railway signalling system; the FP7-IST project MADES on a model-driven approach to improve the current practice in the development of embedded systems; the FP7-IST project MOGENTES on model-based generation of tests for dependable embedded systems; as well as the FP7-IST project MULTIFORM on integrated multi-formalism tool support for the design of networked embedded control systems.

Toward Bridging the Gap Between Formal Semantics and Implementation of Triple Graph Grammars

Toward Bridging the Gap Between Formal Semantics and Implementation of Triple Graph Grammars PDF Author: Holger Giese
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Potsdam
ISBN: 3869560789
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 34
Book Description
The correctness of model transformations is a crucial element for the model-driven engineering of high quality software. A prerequisite to verify model transformations at the level of the model transformation specification is that an unambiguous formal semantics exists and that the employed implementation of the model transformation language adheres to this semantics. However, for existing relational model transformation approaches it is usually not really clear under which constraints particular implementations are really conform to the formal semantics. In this paper, we will bridge this gap for the formal semantics of triple graph grammars (TGG) and an existing efficient implementation. Whereas the formal semantics assumes backtracking and ignores non-determinism, practical implementations do not support backtracking, require rule sets that ensure determinism, and include further optimizations. Therefore, we capture how the considered TGG implementation realizes the transformation by means of operational rules, define required criteria and show conformance to the formal semantics if these criteria are fulfilled. We further outline how static analysis can be employed to guarantee these criteria.

Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases

Semantics in Data and Knowledge Bases PDF Author: Klaus-Dieter Schewe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540885935
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 225
Book Description
This volume comprises selected papers of the Third International Workshop on Semanticsin Data and KnowledgeBases,which wascollacatedwith EDBT 2008 and was organized in Nantes on March 29, 2008. The ?rst two workshops “- mantics in Databases” took place in Re? z, Czech Republic in 1995 and Dagstuhl, Germany, 2001. The workshops have had post-proceedings of selected papers given at the workshop. We invited the best papers of the workshop to submit a revised version of their paper. These revisions have been reviewed for the- nal proceedings. The proceedings of the ?rst two workshops were published by Springer in the LNCS series, volumes 1358 and 2582.The SDKB 2008 workshop call for papers led to 19 submissions, which were reviewed by 4 reviewers. We selected six of the papers given at the SDKB 2008 workshop. We - ditionally invited four papers that round up the proceedings. Furthermore, we added a survey on the state of the art in the ?eld. The SDKB workshopseries tries to bring together researchersin the areas of data and knowledge bases who work on aspects of semantics. In particular, the workshoppresents originalcontributions demonstrating the use of logic,discrete mathematics, combinatorics, domain theory and other mathematical theories of semantics for database and knowledge bases, computational linguistics and semiotics, and information and knowledge-based systems.