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Before Silent Spring

Before Silent Spring PDF Author: James C. Whorton
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400871808
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306

Book Description
Modern consumers are well aware that the food they eat is tainted by pesticidal residues; they are less aware that their great-grandparents faced the same hazard. James C. Whorton's history of this public health menace emphasizes that insecticides have been contaminating produce since the introduction of chemical pesticides in the 1860s. The book examines the period before the publication of Rachel Carson's famous Silent Spring, tracing the origins of the residue problem and exploring the complicated network of interest groups that formed around the issue. The author shows how economic necessities, technological limitations, and pressures on regulatory agencies have brought us to "our present dilemma of seemingly having to poison our food in order to protect it." In Part I, the agricultural and medical literature of the past century is used to analyze the emergence by 1920 of a public health danger of serious proportions. Part II draws heavily on the unpublished records of the Food and Drug Administration to document how the ineffective handling of this danger established precedents for present pesticide abuses. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Before Silent Spring

Before Silent Spring PDF Author: James C. Whorton
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400871808
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 306
Book Description
Modern consumers are well aware that the food they eat is tainted by pesticidal residues; they are less aware that their great-grandparents faced the same hazard. James C. Whorton's history of this public health menace emphasizes that insecticides have been contaminating produce since the introduction of chemical pesticides in the 1860s. The book examines the period before the publication of Rachel Carson's famous Silent Spring, tracing the origins of the residue problem and exploring the complicated network of interest groups that formed around the issue. The author shows how economic necessities, technological limitations, and pressures on regulatory agencies have brought us to "our present dilemma of seemingly having to poison our food in order to protect it." In Part I, the agricultural and medical literature of the past century is used to analyze the emergence by 1920 of a public health danger of serious proportions. Part II draws heavily on the unpublished records of the Food and Drug Administration to document how the ineffective handling of this danger established precedents for present pesticide abuses. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Silent Spring Revisited

Silent Spring Revisited PDF Author: Conor Mark Jameson
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1408194074
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 282
Book Description
Fifty years after the publication of the seminal Silent Spring, Conor Mark Jameson reflects on Rachel Carson's legacy and asks the question - are we still silencing the spring?

DDT, Silent Spring, and the Rise of Environmentalism

DDT, Silent Spring, and the Rise of Environmentalism PDF Author: Thomas Dunlap
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295988344
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 172
Book Description
No single event played a greater role in the birth of modern environmentalism than the publication of Rachel Carson'sSilent Springand its assault on insecticides. The documents collected by Thomas Dunlap trace shifting attitudes toward DDT and pesticides in general through a variety of sources: excerpts from scientific studies and government reports, advertisements from industry journals, articles from popular magazines, and the famous "Fable for Tomorrow" fromSilent Spring. Beginning with attitudes toward nature at the turn of the twentieth century, the book moves through the use and early regulation of pesticides; the introduction and early success of DDT; the discovery of its environmental effects; and the uproar overSilent Spring. It ends with recent debates about DDT as a potential solution to malaria in Africa. "A superb collection. Included here are the texts that galvanized Rachel Carson to writeSilent Springand inspired her to insist on a new vision of cooperation between man and nature. Dunlap's book provides the context for one of the defining debates of our time and shows us why a resolution remains so elusive." - Linda Lear, biographer and author ofRachel Carson: Witness for Nature "To understand how DDT could win its developer a Nobel Prize and then be banned just decades later, read this book. Read it, too, if you want to understand the modern environmental movement. In these pages, those who helped make history tell you, in their own words, what happened." - Edmund P. Russell, University of Virginia "This thought-provoking and occasionally surprising collection of readings brings needed attention to Rachel Carson and her work. Dunlap's book will prove valuable for classes in environmental studies and American environmental history and for historians studying conflicts over pesticides." - Nancy Langston, Professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison "A fascinating and thought-provoking collection of texts that will give readers whole new perspectives on this critical controversy in the history of environmental thought." - William Cronon, University of Wisconsin-Madison "Students can use this collection to gain greater understanding of the development of the environmental movement, changing ideas about progress, science, and technology, as well as changing ideas about the role of nature in the modern world." - David Stradling, University of Cincinnati Thomas R. Dunlapis professor of history at Texas A & M University. He is the author of four books includingFaith in Nature: Environmentalism as Religious QuestandDDT: Scientists, Citizens, and Public Policy.

Silent Spring at 50

Silent Spring at 50 PDF Author: Roger Meiners
Publisher: Cato Institute
ISBN: 1937184196
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 366
Book Description
Widely credited with launching the modern environmental movement when published 50 years ago, Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring had a profound impact on our society. As an iconic work, the book has often been shielded from critical inquiry, but this landmark anniversary provides an excellent opportunity to reassess its legacy and influence. In Silent Spring at 50: The False Crises of Rachel Carson, a team of national experts explores the book’s historical context, the science it was built on, and the policy consequences of its core ideas. Their findings: much of what Carson presented as fact was slanted, and today we know much of it is simply wrong.

Carson's Silent Spring

Carson's Silent Spring PDF Author: Joni Seager
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441132821
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 176
Book Description
Silent Spring is a watershed moment in the history of environmentalism. Credited with launching the modern environmental movement, it provoked the ban on DDT in the US ten years later and it has been an inspiration for feminist health movements. Yet the shift in public health paradigms that Silent Spring enjoined is possibly its most important legacy; one that is foundational for changing the ways in which we think about the health effects of the chemical immersion that constitutes modern life. In synthesizing a jumble of scientific and medical information into a coherent, readable argument about health and environment, Carson successfully challenged major chemical industries and the prevailing paradigm that modern societies could and should exert mastery over nature at any cost. This book provides an in-depth analysis and contextualisation of Silent Spring. It also surveys the lasting impact the text has had on the environmentalist movement in the last fifty years. Carson's Silent Spring is the first book to provide a full overview of what is a seminal work in the history of environmentalism.

Kitchen Literacy

Kitchen Literacy PDF Author: Ann Vileisis
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1597263737
Category : Cooking
Languages : en
Pages : 433
Book Description
Ask children where food comes from, and they’ll probably answer: “the supermarket.” Ask most adults, and their replies may not be much different. Where our foods are raised and what happens to them between farm and supermarket shelf have become mysteries. How did we become so disconnected from the sources of our breads, beef, cheeses, cereal, apples, and countless other foods that nourish us every day? Ann Vileisis’s answer is a sensory-rich journey through the history of making dinner. Kitchen Literacy takes us from an eighteenth-century garden to today’s sleek supermarket aisles, and eventually to farmer’s markets that are now enjoying a resurgence. Vileisis chronicles profound changes in how American cooks have considered their foods over two centuries and delivers a powerful statement: what we don’t know could hurt us. As the distance between farm and table grew, we went from knowing particular places and specific stories behind our foods’ origins to instead relying on advertisers’ claims. The woman who raised, plucked, and cooked her own chicken knew its entire life history while today most of us have no idea whether hormones were fed to our poultry. Industrialized eating is undeniably convenient, but it has also created health and environmental problems, including food-borne pathogens, toxic pesticides, and pollution from factory farms. Though the hidden costs of modern meals can be high, Vileisis shows that greater understanding can lead consumers to healthier and more sustainable choices. Revealing how knowledge of our food has been lost and how it might now be regained, Kitchen Literacy promises to make us think differently about what we eat.

Literature of Nature

Literature of Nature PDF Author: Patrick D. Murphy
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781579580100
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 520
Book Description
Sixty-five contributions discuss historical and contemporary nature writing--nonfiction, fiction, and poetry--in the US and Canada; Europe; Asia and the Pacific; Africa and Arab nations; and Latin America. An additional section considers the literature thematically and cross-culturally. Sample topics include the mountain in 20th- century French literature, woman and the land in the Romanian agrarian novel, war and environment in African literature, and science fiction as environmental literature. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Reclaiming Paradise

Reclaiming Paradise PDF Author: John McCormick
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253206602
Category : Environmental policy
Languages : en
Pages : 290
Book Description


The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History PDF Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190673486
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 801
Book Description
This book explores the methodology of environmental history, with an emphasis on the field's interaction with other historiographies such as consumerism, borderlands, and gender. It examines the problem of environmental context, specifically the problem and perception of environmental determinism, by focusing on climate, disease, fauna, and regional environments. It also considers the changing understanding of scientific knowledge.

The War on Bugs

The War on Bugs PDF Author: Will Allen
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1933392460
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 306
Book Description
In the nineteenth century, as immigration greatly expanded the American population, demands on crop output increased. Seizing an opportunity to play upon fears of food shortages, chemical companies declared war on bugs and declining soil fertility, the archenemies of the American farmer. By the 1860s, pesticide and fertilizer manufacturers developed highly sophisticated media campaigns. Bugs were touted as a mortal threat to American farms, and quacks promoted miracle cures culled from industrial waste such as whale oil, arsenic, mercury, sulfuric acid, and lead in the form of dusts, granules, and liquid sprays. New fertilizer products also came from industrial waste piles, including potash, sulfur, and sodium nitrate. From the start, farmers and consumers opposed the marketers' noxious shill. But more than a century of collusion among advertisers, editors, scientists, large-scale farmers, government agencies - and even Dr. Seuss - convinced most farmers to use deadly chemicals, hormones, antibiotics, and, more recently, genetically modified organisms. Akin to seminal works on the topic like Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, Arthur Kallet and F. J. Schlink's 100,000,000 Guinea Pigs, and Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, The War on Bugs - richly illustrated with dozens of original advertisements and promotions - details both the chemical industry's relentless efforts and the recurring waves of resistance by generations of consumers, farmers, and activists against toxic food, a struggle that continues today but with deep roots in the long rise of industrial agriculture.