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Applications of Learning Classifier Systems

Applications of Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Larry Bull
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540399259
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 305

Book Description
The field called Learning Classifier Systems is populated with romantics. Why shouldn't it be possible for computer programs to adapt, learn, and develop while interacting with their environments? In particular, why not systems that, like organic populations, contain competing, perhaps cooperating, entities evolving together? John Holland was one of the earliest scientists with this vision, at a time when so-called artificial intelligence was in its infancy and mainly concerned with preprogrammed systems that didn't learn. that, like organisms, had sensors, took Instead, Holland envisaged systems actions, and had rich self-generated internal structure and processing. In so doing he foresaw and his work prefigured such present day domains as reinforcement learning and embedded agents that are now displacing the older "standard Af' . One focus was what Holland called "classifier systems": sets of competing rule like "classifiers", each a hypothesis as to how best to react to some aspect of the environment--or to another rule. The system embracing such a rule "popu lation" would explore its available actions and responses, rewarding and rating the active rules accordingly. Then "good" classifiers would be selected and re produced, mutated and even crossed, a la Darwin and genetics, steadily and reliably increasing the system's ability to cope.

Applications of Learning Classifier Systems

Applications of Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Larry Bull
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540399259
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 305
Book Description
The field called Learning Classifier Systems is populated with romantics. Why shouldn't it be possible for computer programs to adapt, learn, and develop while interacting with their environments? In particular, why not systems that, like organic populations, contain competing, perhaps cooperating, entities evolving together? John Holland was one of the earliest scientists with this vision, at a time when so-called artificial intelligence was in its infancy and mainly concerned with preprogrammed systems that didn't learn. that, like organisms, had sensors, took Instead, Holland envisaged systems actions, and had rich self-generated internal structure and processing. In so doing he foresaw and his work prefigured such present day domains as reinforcement learning and embedded agents that are now displacing the older "standard Af' . One focus was what Holland called "classifier systems": sets of competing rule like "classifiers", each a hypothesis as to how best to react to some aspect of the environment--or to another rule. The system embracing such a rule "popu lation" would explore its available actions and responses, rewarding and rating the active rules accordingly. Then "good" classifiers would be selected and re produced, mutated and even crossed, a la Darwin and genetics, steadily and reliably increasing the system's ability to cope.

Applications of Learning Classifier Systems

Applications of Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Larry Bull
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540211099
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 328
Book Description
The field called Learning Classifier Systems is populated with romantics. Why shouldn't it be possible for computer programs to adapt, learn, and develop while interacting with their environments? In particular, why not systems that, like organic populations, contain competing, perhaps cooperating, entities evolving together? John Holland was one of the earliest scientists with this vision, at a time when so-called artificial intelligence was in its infancy and mainly concerned with preprogrammed systems that didn't learn. that, like organisms, had sensors, took Instead, Holland envisaged systems actions, and had rich self-generated internal structure and processing. In so doing he foresaw and his work prefigured such present day domains as reinforcement learning and embedded agents that are now displacing the older "standard Af' . One focus was what Holland called "classifier systems": sets of competing rule like "classifiers", each a hypothesis as to how best to react to some aspect of the environment--or to another rule. The system embracing such a rule "popu lation" would explore its available actions and responses, rewarding and rating the active rules accordingly. Then "good" classifiers would be selected and re produced, mutated and even crossed, a la Darwin and genetics, steadily and reliably increasing the system's ability to cope.

Learning Classifier Systems

Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Pier L. Lanzi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540450270
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 354
Book Description
Learning Classifier Systems (LCS) are a machine learning paradigm introduced by John Holland in 1976. They are rule-based systems in which learning is viewed as a process of ongoing adaptation to a partially unknown environment through genetic algorithms and temporal difference learning. This book provides a unique survey of the current state of the art of LCS and highlights some of the most promising research directions. The first part presents various views of leading people on what learning classifier systems are. The second part is devoted to advanced topics of current interest, including alternative representations, methods for evaluating rule utility, and extensions to existing classifier system models. The final part is dedicated to promising applications in areas like data mining, medical data analysis, economic trading agents, aircraft maneuvering, and autonomous robotics. An appendix comprising 467 entries provides a comprehensive LCS bibliography.

Multiagent Learning Classifier System and Its Application to Hot Strip Mills

Multiagent Learning Classifier System and Its Application to Hot Strip Mills PDF Author:
Publisher: Elias Hasnat
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 32
Book Description


Learning Classifier Systems

Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Jaume Bacardit
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540881387
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 307
Book Description
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed joint post-conference proceedings of two consecutive International Workshops on Learning Classifier Systems that took place in Seattle, WA, USA in July 2006, and in London, UK, in July 2007 - all hosted by the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO. The 14 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from the workshop contributions. The papers are organized in topical sections on knowledge representation, analysis of the system, mechanisms, new directions, as well as applications.

Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining

Learning Classifier Systems in Data Mining PDF Author: Larry Bull
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540789782
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 234
Book Description
The ability of Learning Classifier Systems (LCS) to solve complex real-world problems is becoming clear. This book brings together work by a number of individuals who demonstrate the good performance of LCS in a variety of domains.

Foundations of Learning Classifier Systems

Foundations of Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Larry Bull
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540250739
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 354
Book Description
This volume brings together recent theoretical work in Learning Classifier Systems (LCS), which is a Machine Learning technique combining Genetic Algorithms and Reinforcement Learning. It includes self-contained background chapters on related fields (reinforcement learning and evolutionary computation) tailored for a classifier systems audience and written by acknowledged authorities in their area - as well as a relevant historical original work by John Holland.

Strength or Accuracy: Credit Assignment in Learning Classifier Systems

Strength or Accuracy: Credit Assignment in Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Tim Kovacs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0857294164
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 307
Book Description
Classifier systems are an intriguing approach to a broad range of machine learning problems, based on automated generation and evaluation of condi tion/action rules. Inreinforcement learning tasks they simultaneously address the two major problems of learning a policy and generalising over it (and re lated objects, such as value functions). Despite over 20 years of research, however, classifier systems have met with mixed success, for reasons which were often unclear. Finally, in 1995 Stewart Wilson claimed a long-awaited breakthrough with his XCS system, which differs from earlier classifier sys tems in a number of respects, the most significant of which is the way in which it calculates the value of rules for use by the rule generation system. Specifically, XCS (like most classifiersystems) employs a genetic algorithm for rule generation, and the way in whichit calculates rule fitness differsfrom earlier systems. Wilson described XCS as an accuracy-based classifiersystem and earlier systems as strength-based. The two differin that in strength-based systems the fitness of a rule is proportional to the return (reward/payoff) it receives, whereas in XCS it is a function of the accuracy with which return is predicted. The difference is thus one of credit assignment, that is, of how a rule's contribution to the system's performance is estimated. XCS is a Q learning system; in fact, it is a proper generalisation of tabular Q-learning, in which rules aggregate states and actions. In XCS, as in other Q-learners, Q-valuesare used to weightaction selection.

Advances in Learning Classifier Systems

Advances in Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Pier L. Lanzi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540446400
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 280
Book Description
Learning classi er systems are rule-based systems that exploit evolutionary c- putation and reinforcement learning to solve di cult problems. They were - troduced in 1978 by John H. Holland, the father of genetic algorithms, and since then they have been applied to domains as diverse as autonomous robotics, trading agents, and data mining. At the Second International Workshop on Learning Classi er Systems (IWLCS 99), held July 13, 1999, in Orlando, Florida, active researchers reported on the then current state of learning classi er system research and highlighted some of the most promising research directions. The most interesting contri- tions to the meeting are included in the book Learning Classi er Systems: From Foundations to Applications, published as LNAI 1813 by Springer-Verlag. The following year, the Third International Workshop on Learning Classi er Systems (IWLCS 2000), held September 15{16 in Paris, gave participants the opportunity to discuss further advances in learning classi er systems. We have included in this volume revised and extended versions of thirteen of the papers presented at the workshop.

Learning Classifier Systems

Learning Classifier Systems PDF Author: Pier Luca Lanzi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 354040029X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 233
Book Description
The 5th International Workshop on Learning Classi?er Systems (IWLCS2002) was held September 7–8, 2002, in Granada, Spain, during the 7th International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature (PPSN VII). We have included in this volume revised and extended versions of the papers presented at the workshop. In the ?rst paper, Browne introduces a new model of learning classi?er system, iLCS, and tests it on the Wisconsin Breast Cancer classi?cation problem. Dixon et al. present an algorithm for reducing the solutions evolved by the classi?er system XCS, so as to produce a small set of readily understandable rules. Enee and Barbaroux take a close look at Pittsburgh-style classi?er systems, focusing on the multi-agent problem known as El-farol. Holmes and Bilker investigate the effect that various types of missing data have on the classi?cation performance of learning classi?er systems. The two papers by Kovacs deal with an important theoretical issue in learning classi?er systems: the use of accuracy-based ?tness as opposed to the more traditional strength-based ?tness. In the ?rst paper, Kovacs introduces a strength-based version of XCS, called SB-XCS. The original XCS and the new SB-XCS are compared in the second paper, where - vacs discusses the different classes of solutions that XCS and SB-XCS tend to evolve.