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A Pandemic of Populists

A Pandemic of Populists PDF Author: Wojciech Sadurski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1009224506
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 259

Book Description
Explores the rise of populism in power, focusing on its causes, characteristics, impact on democracy, and how to fight back.

A Pandemic of Populists

A Pandemic of Populists PDF Author: Wojciech Sadurski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1009224506
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 259
Book Description
Explores the rise of populism in power, focusing on its causes, characteristics, impact on democracy, and how to fight back.

Populists and the Pandemic

Populists and the Pandemic PDF Author: Nils Ringe
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000634876
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320
Book Description
Populists and the Pandemic examines the responses of populist political actors and parties in 22 countries around the globe to the COVID-19 pandemic, in terms of their attitudes, rhetoric, mobilization repertoires, and policy proposals. The responses of some populist leaders have received much public attention, as they denied the severity of the public health crisis, denigrated experts and data, looked for scapegoats, encouraged protests, questioned the legitimacy of liberal institutions, spread false information, and fueled conspiracies. But how widespread are those particular reactions? How much variation is there? What explains the variation that does exist? This volume considers these questions through critical analysis of countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa, by leading experts with deep knowledge of their respective cases. Some chapters focus on populist parties, others on charismatic populist leaders. Some countries examined are democracies, others autocracies. Some populists are left wing, others right wing. Some populists are in government, others in opposition. This variation allows for a panoramic consideration of factors that systematically influence or mediate populist responses to the pandemic. The book thus makes a unique contribution to our understanding of the intersection between two of the most pressing social and political challenges of our time. The book will be of interest to all those researching populism, extremism, and political parties and those more broadly interested in political science, public policy, sociology, communications, and economics.

Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe

Populism and the Politicization of the COVID-19 Crisis in Europe PDF Author: Giuliano Bobba
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030660117
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144
Book Description
This edited book provides a first overview of how populist parties responded to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis in Europe. Although populism would normally benefit from crisis situations (e.g., political representation or economic crises), the peculiar nature of this health crisis does not make the benefit obvious. For it to be exploited, a crisis must be politicized. While populists have tried to take advantage of the crisis situation, the impossibility of taking ownership of the COVID-19 issue has made the crisis hard to be exploited. In particular, populists in power have tried to depoliticize the pandemic, whereas radical right-populists in opposition tried to politicize the crisis, though failing to gain the relevant public support. This book considers populist parties in eight European democracies, providing a framework of analysis for their responses to the COVID-19 crisis. It does so by engaging with the literature on crisis and populism from a theoretical perspective and through the lens of the politicization process.

Public Support and Illiberal Behavior of Right-wing Populist Governments during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Public Support and Illiberal Behavior of Right-wing Populist Governments during the Covid-19 Pandemic PDF Author: Tabea Geißler
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3346610969
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 137
Book Description
Master's Thesis from the year 2021 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Miscellaneous, grade: 1,0, University of Tubingen (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät), language: English, abstract: Against the backdrop of autocratic opportunism and illiberal behavior during Covid-19, there is a large debate in the field of populism and democracy research about whether populist parties and leaders are strengthened or weakened by the Covid-19 crisis. However, due to the newness of the current crisis, the justification for one side or the other is based more on theoretical assumptions than on reliable empirical research, while the existing empirical studies refer exclusively to the first wave of the pandemic. These examinations often imply that populists tend to benefit from the crisis, since their approval rates either slightly increased during the first wave or remained on the same level. However, as the second and third waves unfold in autumn 2020 and winter/spring 2021, a new picture emerges. Right-wing populist governments in Europe on average appear to be losing public support, although this is not the case in non-populist-governed EU member states. This phenomenon seems puzzling, since it would be more likely to expect that populist governments would gain public support through the crisis. This conclusion not only derives from the “hour of the executive”, but also to the observation that societies in times of crisis attribute a stronger leadership role to their government and express more allegiance than in ordinary times – a finding also known as the "rally-round-the-flag" effect. This would help right-wing populists to present themselves as strong and decisive crisis leaders, which could strengthen their power and popularity as authoritarian leaders. Against this background, the argument is made that the illiberal behavior of right-wing populists, such as authoritarian leadership, corruption, and discriminatory measures, which is assumed constitutive of their behavior, leads to a decline in public support under the conditions of acute threat. Since the relationship between illiberal behavior by right-wing populist governments during Covid-19 and public support has not been systematically investigated yet, this thesis aims to take a first step in this direction by taking a more nuanced view to gain new empirical knowledge regarding why, when, and how a loss of public support for right-wing populist governments can be observed during the first, second, and third wave of the pandemic. The results support the hypothesis while alternative explanations such as containment measures or the economic situation tend to be less relevant.

Populism

Populism PDF Author: Michael Burleigh
Publisher: Hurst & Company
ISBN: 9781787384682
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 152
Book Description
We are said to be living in an age of anger, and national populist movements are often identified as its political manifestation. In Populism Michael Burleigh explores this new global era, drawing on his Engelsberg Lectures. The first chapter explores the nature of mass anger, mainly in Europe and the US: how might popular discontent be artificially incited and sustained by elite figures claiming to speak for the common people? The second chapter compares the difficult aftermaths of empire in Britain and Russia. Has that experience fostered these countries' sense of exceptionality and inability to evolve into normal societies? Many national populist movements exploit History, as we saw with the so-called 'statue wars' reignited in 2020. The third chapter ranges across Europe, but also China, where a nationalised version of History has become intrinsic to social support for the ruling Communist Party. In the short term, COVID-19 has created problems for several populist leaders, whose image has suffered amidst the public's new-found respect for expertise and unfavourable comparisons with less shouty politicians who have handled the pandemic differently. Yet, with the looming risk of an extended economic depression, Burleigh fears that new post-populists may arise in the long run.

The Great Recoil

The Great Recoil PDF Author: Paolo Gerbaudo
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 178873050X
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 284
Book Description
What comes after neoliberalism? In these times of health emergency, economic collapse, populist anger and ecological threat, societies are forced to turn inward in search of protection. Neoliberalism, the ideology that presided over decades of market globalisation, is on trial, while state intervention is making a spectacular comeback amid lockdowns, mass vaccination programmes, deficit spending and climate planning. This is the Great Recoil, the era when the neo-statist endopolitics of national sovereignty, economic protection and democratic control overrides the neoliberal exopolitics of free markets, labour flexibility and business opportunity. Looking back to the role of the state in Plato, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hegel, Gramsci and Polanyi, and exploring the discourses, electoral programs and class blocs of the nationalist right and socialist left, Paolo Gerbaudo fleshes out the contours of the different statisms and populisms that inform contemporary politics. The central issue in dispute is what mission the post-pandemic state should pursue: whether it should protect native workers from immigration and the rich against redistributive demands, as proposed by the right’s authoritarian protectionism; or reassert social security and popular sovereignty against the rapacity of financial and tech elites, as advocated by the left’s social protectivism. Only by addressing the widespread sense of exposure and vulnerability may socialists turn the present phase of involution into an opportunity for social transformation.

Wronged and Dangerous

Wronged and Dangerous PDF Author: Karen Lee Ashcraft
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1529221390
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264
Book Description
COVID-19 delivers a stark warning: the global surge of populism endangers public health. Wronged and Dangerous introduces “viral masculinity” as a novel way to meet that threat by tackling the deep connection of our social and physical worlds. It calls us to ask not what populism says, but how it spreads.

Populism and Contemporary Democracy in Europe

Populism and Contemporary Democracy in Europe PDF Author: Josep Maria Castellà Andreu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030928845
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 341
Book Description
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the impact of populism on the European democratic polity. In the last two decades, European democracies have come under strain amid growing populism. By asserting the superiority of the majority over the law, of direct democracy over representation, and claiming the necessity to defend national sovereignty against foreign interferences, the populist conception of democracy is in stark contrast with the longstanding Western notion of liberal democracy. This volume investigates populist attempts to radically change what Bobbio called the “rules of the game” of democracy from an eminently legal perspective. Weaving together normative and empirical analysis, the contributions focus on the institutions that have suffered the most from the rise of populism as well as those that have better resisted the populist tide. Special attention will be paid to the Venice Commission’s opinions and documents, as they represent the best European standards to evaluate the extent to which populism deviates from constitutional democracy requirements. The book also considers the responses of European States to the explosion of the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has indeed been an accelerator of known and studied trends in most constitutional systems, such as the concentration of powers in the executive hands and the consequential loss of parliament's centrality. Various forms of populism across Europe have thus found an ideal breeding ground to implement their agenda of granting the executive broad regulatory and decision-making powers while loosening parliamentary and judicial checks. Against this backdrop, the book analyses how European democracies should adapt to the challenges posed by the pandemic, as this reflection can help respond to populist threats and propose a way forward for liberal democracy.

India's Pandemic

India's Pandemic PDF Author: Alf Nilsen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781839985935
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250
Book Description
This book is the first comprehensive account of the trajectory of the Covid-19 pandemic in India. Written in lucid prose, India's Pandemic shows in great detail how the country's viral disaster was shaped by the politics of authoritarian populism.

Populism, the Pandemic and the Media

Populism, the Pandemic and the Media PDF Author: John Mair
Publisher: Theschoolbook.com
ISBN: 9781845497859
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 344
Book Description
Populism is on the rise across the globe. Authoritarian populist leaders have taken over and solidified their control over many countries. Their power has been cemented during the global coronavirus pandemic, though perhaps the defeat of populist-in-chief Donald Trump in the 2020 US presidential election (despite his continuing protestations to the contrary) has seen the start of the waning of this phenomenon? In the UK Brexit is 'done'; Britain is firmly out of the EU; Covid is vaccinated against; and Boris Johnson has a huge parliamentary majority and, despite never-ending problems, of his own and others' making, his grip on power with a parliamentary majority of more than 80, still seems secure. Meanwhile culture wars continue to rage. How has media, worldwide, contributed, fulled or fought this populism. Cheerleaders? Critics? Supplicants? This book examines those questions in 360 degrees with a distinguished cast of authors from journalism and academia. The Authors Introduction by Nick Robinson. Chapters by David Banks, Julian Barwell, Deborah Bonetti, Dorothy Byrne, Paul Ian Campbell, Barnie Choudhury, Tor Clark, Alex Cannock, Elena Cosentino, David Cowling, Professor Sir John Curtice, Professor Philip John Davies, Professor Robert Dover, Bill Dunlop, Mark Easton, Gavin Esler, Matt Frei, Gary Gibbon, Ken Goldstein, Clodagh Harrington, Imke Henkel, Will Hutton, Alistair Jones, Steven McCabe, Sara McConnell, John McLellan, James Mates, Julian Matthews, Robert Moore, Clive Myrie, Professor Julian Petley, Juliet Rix, Alan Rusbridger, Martin Shipton, David Smith, Maurice Smith, Raymond Snoddy, Jon Sopel, Mark Thompson, Professor Richard Tait, Gail Walker, Jim White and Peter York. The Editors John Mair, series editor of 40 'Hackademic' texts Tor Clark, Associate Professor in Journalism, University of Leicester Neil Fowler, former editor of four regional newspapers and Which? Magazine Raymond Snoddy, media journalist Richard Tait, Professor of Journalism, Cardiff University